Japan on Thursday restarted a second nuclear reactor after a shutdown triggered by the 2011 Fukushima crisis, as the government pushes to return to a cheaper energy source despite widespread public opposition.
Utility Kyushu Electric Power said it restarted the number-two reactor at Sendai, about 1,000 kilometres (620 miles) southwest of Tokyo at 10.30am (0130 GMT).
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has pushed for a restart, arguing that atomic energy is necessary to power the world’s third biggest economy.
But the public is largely opposed to atomic energy after the Fukushima crisis sent radiation over a wide area and forced tens of thousands from their homes – many of whom will likely never return – in the worst nuclear accident since Chernobyl in 1986.
“Many people are still concerned about the restart of nuclear power plants,” Ryoko Torihara, head of the citizen group against the Sendai nuclear plant, told NHK.
Campaign group Greenpeace criticised “the Abe government’s disregard for public safety,” and argued that Japan has demonstrated that it does not need nuclear power.
“Nuclear energy will not make any significant contribution to Japan’s energy mix – not now or in the foreseeable future,” said Mamoru Sekiguchi, energy campaigner at Greenpeace Japan.
“Rather than risking the safety of Japanese citizens for a dangerous and outdated energy source, the Japanese government should be creating policies that support the transition to safe, clean renewable energy,” he said.