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次世代原子炉、官民で開発 18年度内に協議体設立 via 日本経済新聞

官民が共同で次世代の原子炉の開発に乗り出す。経済産業省は2018年度中をめどに、電力大手や原子炉メーカーなどが参加する協議体を作る検討に入った。より安全性を高めた低コストの原子炉の開発や事業化で連携する。東日本大震災後、国内の原発の稼働は落ち込んでいる。各社が協力する場を設けて新設を後押しし、業界再編の布石にすることも狙う。

3日に閣議決定した新たなエネルギー基本計画では、原子力を今後も重要な電源として活用していく方針を示したが、活用に向けた具体策は先送りしていた。原発の新増設や建て替えを進めやすくするため、官民で協力する体制を整える。

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現在の大型炉は100万キロワット規模など大量の発電が可能だが、建設や安全対策の投資がかさむ。官民が共同で開発する次世代炉は、大型炉の改良のほか出力が10万~30万キロワット程度の小型炉も検討する。大型炉の建設費は1兆円規模だが、数千億円に抑えられる。

「高温ガス炉」は冷却に水ではなくガスを使うため非常時も水蒸気爆発を起こす懸念がない。国内の原発は稼働から数十年が経過しているものが多いが、次世代炉は最新の制御技術などを導入。緊急時に被害が広がりにくいシステムを備える。

経産省は電力大手各社に協議体への参画を打診する。東京電力ホールディングス(HD)や関西電力は国の要請があれば前向きに検討する方向だ。三菱重工業日立製作所など原子炉メーカー、原発の建設を担うゼネコンにも参加を促す。

国内の原発は大震災前のように稼働基数が増えず廃炉のコストも増える。次世代炉を実用化しても使用済み燃料の負担は残り、大手電力9社が別々に手がけていくのは厳しいとの見方もある。

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全文は 次世代原子炉、官民で開発 18年度内に協議体設立 (無料登録が必要です)

 

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大飯原発訴訟 住民側、運転差し止め控訴審の上告断念 via 毎日新聞

関西電力大飯原発3、4号機(福井県おおい町)の運転差し止めを周辺住民らが求めた訴訟で、住民側は17日、福井地裁の差し止め判決を棄却した名古屋高裁金沢支部の控訴審判決について、上告しないと発表した。関電側も上告しない方針で、判決が確定する。

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 全国で同様の訴訟が続く中、住民側は仮に最高裁で敗訴すれば脱原発運動への逆風になりかねないと判断した。原告団代表で福井県小浜市の住職、中嶌哲演さん(76)は「最高裁には期待できない。憲法上の人格権に基づいて差し止めを認めた1審判決の意義を語り継ぎながら、原発を止めるための闘いを全力で進める」と話した。

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Japan touts completion of Fukushima cleanup at tripartite environment meeting in China via The Japan Times

Environment Minister Masaharu Nakagawa told his counterparts from China and South Korea on Sunday that radioactive decontamination work following the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster is “all done” except for so-called difficult-to-return-to zones.

At the 20th Tripartite Environment Ministers’ Meeting held in Suzhou, in eastern China, Nakagawa also used the opportunity to again request the lifting of food import restrictions from prefectures hit by the Fukushima disaster.

Beijing has banned food imports from 10 prefectures surrounding the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant, while Seoul has blocked Japanese seafood imports from eight prefectures.

Nakagawa explained to Chinese Ecology and Environment Minister Li Ganjie and South Korean Environment Minister Kim Eun-kyung that Japan has strict food safety standards in place that exceed international requirements. “Environmental regeneration in Fukushima is progressing steadily,” he said.

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(社説)核のごみ処分 原発推進とは切り離せ via 朝日新聞

 原発の使用済み燃料から出る高レベル放射性廃棄物(核のごみ)を、どこでどう最終処分するか。参加者の一部に金品の提供が持ちかけられていた問題で中断していた、経済産業省原子力発電環境整備機構(NUMO)による説明会が再開され、5月から各地で開かれている。

すでに大量の廃棄物がある以上、処分場が必要なのは論をまたない。だが、候補となりうる地域を示した昨年夏のマップ公表以来、多くの知事が処分地を受け入れる考えはないことを、記者会見などで表明した。新たに拒否条例を制定した町村もある。国民の理解が深まっているとはいいがたく、最終処分をめぐる議論の進め方を、根本から見直すべきだ。

言うまでもなく、経産省は原発の再稼働を推し進め、使用済み核燃料を再処理する核燃料サイクルの旗振り役である。

各種世論調査では原発再稼働への反対が多数を占める。こうした原発に懐疑的な人たちを含めて国民的な合意をつくっていくには、原発推進路線とは切り離した中立性こそが、議論の推進役には求められる。

朝日新聞は社説で「いまの原子力政策の継続を前提とする議論しか認めないような姿勢では、不信感を強めるだけ」と指摘してきた。ところが説明会は、事実上破綻(はたん)している核燃料サイクルを前提とした内容になっている。

日本学術会議は15年に出した提言で「国民と原発関係者の信頼関係が崩壊した状態で、高レベル放射性廃棄物の処分の立地選定について国民の理解を得ることは困難」と指摘。国民の意見を反映した政策形成のため、独立性の高い第三者機関を設置すべきだと提案した。福島の原発事故を教訓に、原発の規制部門を経産省から切り離し、原子力規制委員会をつくったことを考えれば、検討に値する。

最終処分を定めた法律には、その目的について「原子力の適正な利用に資する」などとある。こうした原発推進に偏った条文も改めなくてはならない。

最終処分をめぐっては3年前、「国が前面に立って取り組み、調査への協力を自治体に申し入れる」とする基本方針が閣議決定され、今の流れがある。

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共産・志位和夫委員長、小泉純一郎元首相と脱原発で連携意向 via 産経ニュース

共産党の志位和夫委員長は24日、脱原発に向けて小泉純一郎元首相と連携する考えを示した。前橋市での演説会で発言した。

志位委員長は、原発推進から転換し、「原発ゼロ」を掲げる小泉元首相を「筋が通っている」と評価し、「協力してやっていきたい」と述べた。

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American students aren’t taught nuclear weapons policy in school. Here’s how to fix that problem via The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists

Erin ConnollyKate Hewitt

“How many countries have nuclear weapons?” we asked. Students shouted out answers: one, seven, 34, all of the countries in the world.

“Which countries have nuclear weapons?” We heard responses that included the United States, Japan, Iran, Turkey, Germany, Syria, Costa Rica, Canada, Iraq, Italy, South Korea, Australia, and the United Arab Emirates — along with Islam and Africa, which are not countries.

We expected students in colleges and high schools near Manhattan Project sites to have some foundational knowledge of nuclear weapons, their history, and current issues. We were wrong.

Nuclear weapons represent an existential threat to the United States, but the policy discussion surrounding them has largely left the public space. The jargon and reports are intimidating, which we came to terms with ourselves when we entered this field. Nuclear weapons policy is not easily accessible; this is nothing new, and scholars like Carol Cohn, an expert on gender and global security issues, have explained why. But if experts want the public to be engaged in nuclear policy debates, education and inclusivity are critical. There is no more time to waste, so the two of us decided to start educating the public ourselves.

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In the classroom. Creating a comprehensive presentation that would interest students and leave time for questions in a single class period was no small project. We began the process by deciphering nuclear history and current policy debates, putting them into bite-size pieces that students could easily digest in 45 minutes. Once this monumental task was finished, we set our sights on Washington State’s Tri-Cities area, where one of us (Hewitt) grew up—and where the plutonium for the bomb dropped on Nagasaki was produced, at the Hanford Site. Anticipating that the general population might have limited knowledge on nuclear issues, we hoped communities built on nuclear technology might have a vested interest. The Hanford Site presented itself as the logical launch pad for our initiative to educate the next generation on nuclear weapons issues.

Over the course of 22 presentations in four days, we found students to be engaged and curious, but also surprised by the information we presented. This topic was new for most of them, and their questions were thoughtful and concerned. Many believed Iran had a nuclear weapon, some wondered why we “didn’t just nuke North Korea,” and others countered that we have a “shield” to shoot down missiles as they approach the United States.

We carefully explained each of these issues. There was, in fact, an international agreement in place to prevent Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon, and contrary to some reports, this agreement was working. Iran has no nuclear weapon. In fact, the International Atomic Energy Agency has confirmed 10 times that the Iran nuclear deal is working. “Nuking North Korea” seems like a simple solution, but we worked through the facts. We do not know where all of North Korea’s nuclear (not to mention chemical and biological) facilities are located. We know that Seoul could be destroyed by conventional means alone. In terms of a shield, the United States has spent more than $45 billion on the Ground-based Midcourse Defense system to protect the country, yet it has only “a limited capability to defend the US homeland” from missile threats in the best of conditions. The US Government Accountability Office has said the system needs significant improvements in order to be reliable. Diplomacy has proven to be the most effective guardian of the US homeland.

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Nuclear Hotseat 7th Anniversary! + Prof. Heidi Hutner’s film ACCIDENTS CAN HAPPEN: Voices of Women from Three Mile Island via Nuclear Hotseat

This Week’s Featured Interview:

  • Dr. Heidi Hutner is a professor of Sustainability and English at Stony Brook University, and a scholar of nuclear and environmental history, and ecofeminism.  We get heads-up information on her two most recent projects: the book, ACCIDENTS CAN HAPPEN: VOICES OF WOMEN FROM NUCLEAR DISASTERS, and the film, ACCIDENTS CAN HAPPEN: VOICES OF WOMEN FROM THREE MILE ISLAND.  To view the sizzle reel from the film, CLICK HERE

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Japanese residents are fighting a government proposal to use soil contaminated with radiation from the area of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant for agriculture and road construction via Sputnik International

On June 3, the Japanese Ministry of the Environment released the outline of its plan to use soil contaminated by the nuclear accident that occured in March 2011 after a tsunami caused the facility’s power supply and emergency generators to fail. As a result of the power failure, meltdowns occurred in three reactors, resulting in the release of radioactive material. 

According to the ministry’s plan, the contaminated soil will be used to grow horticultural crops in Fukushima Prefecture that won’t be consumed by humans. In a similar plan released in 2017, the ministry also suggested that contaminated soil be used for road construction.

However, the use of contaminated soil for road construction and agriculture has been heavily criticized by residents living in close proximity to the project locations with safety concerns.

“Pollutants contained in crops will surely pollute air, water and soil, thereby contaminating food to be consumed by human beings,” Kazuki Kumamoto, professor emeritus at Meiji Gakuin University in Tokyo, told Bloomberg Environment. Kumamoto also noted that contaminated crops could release radiation into the environment.

According to Kumamoto, because contaminated soil isn’t considered nuclear waste under Japanese law, it doesn’t have to be treated by special facilities. While the International Atomic Energy Agency’s standard for contamination radioactive waste that needs to be treated by special facilities is 100 becquerels per kilogram, the Japanese limit is much higher, at 8,000 becquerels per kilogram for nuclear waste and soil.

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“The government is saying that the contaminated soil will be covered by materials such as concrete, effectively reducing radiation levels, but many residents near the reuse projects aren’t convinced,” he added.

In addition, more than 2,300 property owners in the areas where the projects are expected to take place are declining government offers to sell their land because they don’t believe they are being compensated appropriately, Yoshiharu Monma, chairman of the Association of Landowners in Fukushima Prefecture, recently told Bloomberg. According to Monma, the government is only agreeing to compensate property owners for half of what the land was worth before the 2011 disaster if the land is to be used for interim storage facilities.

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福島原発刑事裁判 歴史地震とつなみvia 福島原発告訴団

第13、14回公判報告

歴史地震と津波の専門家である都司嘉宣証人は、推本の長期評価が当時の様々な専門分野の専門家による議論の積み重ねによってコンセンサスとしてまとめられたことを証言された。

海渡雄一(刑事訴訟支援団・被害者参加代理人)

はじめに

都司嘉宣証人は歴史地震と津波の専門家である。三陸沖から房総沖までの日本海溝よりのどこでもM8クラスの津波地震が起きるという推本の長期評価がまとめられたときの、海溝型分科会の委員をしていた。
当時の様々な専門分野の専門家による議論の積み重ねによってコンセンサスとしてまとめられたこと、その際に残されている古文書の内容にさかのぼって、1611年の慶長三陸沖、1677年の延宝房総沖の二つの地震が、大きな津波被害をもたらしたにもかかわらず、地震被害の報告がないことを、分科会で報告し、様々な分野の専門家の意見が次第に一致し、長期評価がまとめられていく過程をビビッドに証言された。

 

 

 

報告を読む。

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With Blood on Its Missiles, US Indicted for Global Nuclear Terror via Reader Supported News

By William Boardman

The Nuremberg Principles not only prohibit such crimes but oblige those of us aware of the crime to act against it. “Complicity in the commission of a crime against peace, a war crime, or a crime against humanity … is a crime under International Law.” […] 

The ongoing building and maintenance of Trident submarines and ballistic missile systems constitute war crimes that can and should be investigated and prosecuted by judicial authorities at all levels. As citizens, we are required by International Law to denounce and resist known crimes.

– Kings Bay Plowshares Indictment of US for war crimes, April 4, 2018

 

n April 4, 2018, seven Catholics, three women and four men calling themselves the Kings Bay Plowshares, carried out their faith-based, nonviolent, symbolic action, pouring blood on the world’s largest nuclear submarine base and indicting the US for its perpetual crime of holding the world hostage to the terrorist threat of using nuclear weapons. The US crime that began in 1945 has reached new intensity with Donald Trump’s years of casual rhetoric threatening nuclear holocaust on targets from ISIS to North Korea. Every other nuclear-armed state engages in the same criminal threatening every day, but the US has been at it longer and is still the only state to have perpetrated the actual war crimes of not one but two nuclear terror attacks against mostly civilian targets in Japan in 1945.

The target of the Plowshares Seven’s radical direct action was the Kings Bay Naval Submarine Base, home to eight Trident nuclear submarines, each capable of launching nuclear missile strikes anywhere in the world. Each 560-foot-long Trident ballistic missile submarine carries sufficient firepower to attack some 600 cities with more destructive force than destroyed Hiroshima. The “small” warheads on Trident missiles have a 100-kiloton payload, roughly seven times more powerful than the Hiroshima bomb. The Kings Bay base covers some 17,000 acres, making it roughly 30 times larger than the principality of Monaco. The base was developed in 1978-79 under President Jimmy Carter, a former nuclear submarine engineer. A prominent Christian protestant all his career, Carter has long made peace with war-making, unlike the radical Catholics in the Plowshares movement since they hammered and poured blood on nuclear nosecones in 1980 (the first of more than 100 Plowshares actions since then).

On April 4, 2018, the fiftieth anniversary of the assassination of the Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Liz McAlister, 78, Stephen Kelly S.J., 70, Martha Hennessy, 62, Clare Grady, 58, Patrick O’Neill, 62, Mark Colville, 55, and Carmen Trotta, 55, entered the Kings Bay Naval Submarine Base.

Carrying hammers and bottles of their own blood, the seven sought to enact and embody the prophet Isaiah’s command to: “Beat swords into plowshares.” In so doing, they were upholding the US Constitution through its requirement to respect treaties, international law through the UN Charter and Nuremberg principles, and higher moral law regarding the sacredness of all creation. They hoped to draw attention to and begin to dismantle what Dr. King called “the triple evils” of racism, militarism, and extreme materialism. 

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