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EDITORIAL: Is nuclear power compatible with human rights in Constitution? via The Asahi Shimbun

One year has passed since an evacuation order was lifted on July 12, 2016, for most parts of the Odaka district of Minami-Soma, Fukushima Prefecture, which lies within a 20-kilometer radius of the crippled Fukushima No. 1 nuclear power plant.

Stores and schools in the district are gradually being reopened. Voices of high school students are heard echoing through the streets at times of the day when they go to school and return home. At the same time, though, many stores remain shuttered and grass is running wild in the yards of many houses.

City government figures show that Odaka was home to only 2,046 residents as of July 12, less than one-sixth of the corresponding figure at the time of the 2011 disaster at the nuclear plant, which is operated by Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO).

The nuclear disaster, triggered by the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami, deprived many people of their “lives as usual,” which should have been guaranteed under the Constitution of Japan.

[…]

The government of Minami-Soma in May last year distributed a brochure containing the entire text of the Constitution to all households in the city.

Yasuzo Suzuki (1904-1983), a scholar of constitutional law who hailed from Odaka, included an explicit mention of the right to life in a draft outline of Japan’s Constitution, which he worked out immediately after World War II ended in 1945.

“The people shall have the right to maintain wholesome and cultured living standards,” the draft said, in a prelude to Article 25 of the current Constitution.

Katsunobu Sakurai, mayor of Minami-Soma, wanted the city’s residents to cast their minds back to a starting point at a time when life had taken a sudden turn for the worse for many of them.

Several tens of thousands of inhabitants of Fukushima Prefecture remain evacuated either within or outside the prefecture’s borders. Countless people have lost their longtime livelihoods or dwellings, which means their freedom to choose and change their residences and to choose their occupations (Article 22), along with their right to own or hold property (Article 29), were severely violated.

Many children were no longer able to attend schools in their hometowns, which means their right to an education (Article 26) was also compromised.

And most importantly, the tragedy drove many people into “disaster-related deaths.”

“The nuclear disaster has made it impossible to maintain the sort of life that is described in the Constitution,” Sakurai said emphatically. “That is unconstitutional, isn’t it?”

CONSTITUTION AS PILLAR AND POST

The Fukui District Court in May 2014 issued an injunction against the planned restart of reactors at Kansai Electric Power Co.’s Oi nuclear plant in a lawsuit filed by residents living near the power-generating facility in Fukui Prefecture.

“The use of nuclear energy is meant to fulfill the socially important functions of generating electric power, but that is inferior in standing to the core part of personal rights in light of the Constitution,” the court said in its decision.

[…]

More than 4 million people are living within a 30-km radius of nuclear power plants across Japan where residents may face evacuation orders in the event of an accident.

The future path of Japan should be reviewed from the perspective of whether the continued use of nuclear power would allow the country to maintain society in a state envisaged by the Constitution.

A national referendum in Austria voted against activating a nuclear power plant, which led the Central European nation to pass a law against building nuclear plants in 1978. Public calls for a phase-out of nuclear power intensified following the 1986 disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in the former Soviet Union, and a ban on the use of atomic power was included explicitly in Austria’s Constitution in 1999.

The right to choose the future path of Japan lies with every single member of the country’s public, with whom sovereign power resides. There should be broader discussions that take into account of what has taken place during the latest period of a little more than six years.

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「原発3強」の座を自ら捨てる韓国 via Chosun online

 英国では現在、韓国、中国、ロシアなど原発輸出国の間で総額21兆ウォン(約2兆1000億円)のプロジェクトの受注戦が繰り広げられている。英国北西部に2025年までに原発3基を建設する「ムーアサイド計画」がその舞台だ。当初日本とフランスが受注したが、資金難に陥ったため、新たな事業者選定が必要になったもので、各国が一斉に受注を狙っている。韓国も韓国電力が中心となり、韓国型原子炉「APR-1400」を輸出するため全力を挙げている。APR-1400は建設を一時中断した新古里原発5、6号機と韓国がアラブ首長国連邦(UAE)に建設している原発に採用されている。

韓国、中国、ロシアが世界を戦場に繰り広げる「原発三国志」は原発産業の流れを物語っている。世界の原発市場の主導権は、米国、フランス、日本から韓国、中国、ロシアという「新興3カ国」中心へと再編されている。とりわけ韓国は決められた予算内、期間内で原発工事を終えることが強みとされている。世界の原発の平均建設期間は82.5カ月だが、韓国がUAEに建設中のバラカ原発は工期を54カ月に短縮した。建設単価も韓国は1キロワット当たり1556ドルで、ロシア(2993ドル)や中国(1763ドル)より安く、原発の稼働効率性の指標となる利用率は86.4%で、世界平均(77.8%)よりも10ポイント近く高い。原発の故障停止率は世界平均が5.9%だが、韓国は1.1%だ。

英国の原発プロジェクトを受注すれば、数万人に達する新規雇用も期待できる。UAEの原発を受注した当時、韓国政府は10年間で11万人分の雇用創出効果があると試算し、現在も約3000人の韓国人が現地で働いている。最近与野党は追加補正予算案を決定する過程で対立した公務員の増員規模は1万2000人だった。

続きは「原発3強」の座を自ら捨てる韓国

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GOP preserves Yucca Mountain as nuclear waste storage site via Washington Examiner

Nevada Democrats failed Wednesday night to remove language from the House fiscal 2018 spending bill that would prohibit the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste dump in their state from being closed.

[…]

The Obama administration attempted to close the facility, but a federal appeals court said the move was illegal. The site is not complete but requires a license application submitted by the Energy Department to be approved by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

The $789 billion spending bill being debated Wednesday night contains $150 million for licensing the Yucca Mountain facility.

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福島、コメの全量検査を見直しへ 年内にも素案提示 via 山陰中央新報

福島県は27日、東京電力福島第1原発事故を受け全ての県産米を対象に実施している放射性物質検査「全量全袋検査」の今後の在り方を探る検討会を開き、現在の全量検査を見直し、新たな態勢づくりの議論を進めることを決めた。

(略)

検討会にはJAや地元の消費者団体などが出席し、冒頭を除き非公開で行われた。県によると、「いつまでも検査を続けられない。有識者の意見を聞いた上で、あと何年続けるか決めるべきだ」「風評払拭のために当面は続けた方がいい」といった意見が出たが、現状の検査を見直すことでは一致したという。

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福島県産モモ輸出70トン設定 全農県本部、タイとマレーシア中心 via 福島民友

全農県本部は本年度、旬を迎えた県産モモの輸出量を昨年度実績約27トンの2.6倍となる約70トンに設定した。

輸出国は実績のあるタイとマレーシアを中心に交渉を進めている。輸出量の増加と輸送コストの低減化を図り、生産者の所得向上を目指す。

JAグループ福島が26日までに示した。船便でモモを輸出するに当たっては、コンテナ内部を低温・低酸素状態にして鮮度を保つ「CAコンテナ」を活用して取扱量の拡大を図る。

続きは福島県産モモ輸出70トン設定 全農県本部、タイとマレーシア中心

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Pohakuloa Radiation Contamination and more… via Malu ‘Aina

POHAKULOA

Maybe More Military Depleted Uranium than Thought

Retired Nuclear Geologist, Dr. Mike Reimer, PhD of Kona says “the amount of DU (Depleted Uranium) present at PTA (the military 133,000-acre Pohakuloa Training Area located in the center of Hawaii Island) is likely greatly understated.” Dr. Reimer says “The amount (of DU) typically is estimated based on a probable number of DU spotting rounds used for practice. It is highly probable that not only were spotting rounds used but also dummy warheads constructed of DU.”

Dr. Reimer has sent a July 24, 2017 letter to the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) asking them to investigate this matter. If indeed some dummy M-390 nuclear warheads, each constructed with more than 50 pounds of DU, were fired along with an estimated 2000 DU 8 ounce spotting rounds at Pohakuloa, “there could be upwards of thousands of pounds or more DU at PTA,” according to Dr. Reimer. And it should be noted that PTA has had decades of high explosives used in this same impact area which likely has turned much of this DU metal into oxide particles than can be carried long distances by the wind. According to Hawaii Doctor, Lorrin Pang, MD, inhaled DU oxide alpha particles are the most deadly form of radiation, causing various cancers and genetic damage. See the short video below where Dr. Pang explains the health dangers of inhaling DU oxide dust particles. The danger applies equally to troops who train at Pohakuloa, residents and visitors alike. https://vimeo.com/19153948)

On Wednesday, July 19th, the Hilo Hawaiian Civic Club sponsored an excellent forum on Pohakuloa held at Hawaii Community College. Speakers included Isaac “Paka” Harp, Dr. Lorrin Pang, and Ruth Aloua. Paka Harp started by showing a 17 min video “An Uncomfortable Truth”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wzfEFlVQ0gU about the illegal overthrow and ongoing military occupation of Hawaii by the U.S. Dr. Pang emphasized that DU used at Pohakuloa raises ethical questions of exposing people to unknown risks without their informed consent. (See http://westhawaiitoday.com/5634673.html )

Ruth Aloua, who has lived and farmed in Waiki’i, the closest neighbors to PTA, spoke passionately from the heart about what the bombing of Pohakuloa means to her – for people, plants and animals, air, land and water, ancestors and future generations. She covered it all. You can view her inspiring talk here – = https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=youtu.be&v=cTpLp07vZF4&app=desktop

 

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CAB tables debate on German spent nuclear fuel via The Star

Citizens Advisory Board, or CAB, could not agree on how to proceed with their recommendations for the receipt of German spent nuclear fuel for treatment and storage at SRS, resulting in the topic being tabled for another meeting.

[…]

CAB board members were not the only ones with concerns, after receiving many emails from the public, including concerns over the German spent nuclear fuel proposal.

According to the draft document, CAB has several concerns in key areas of the German spent nuclear fuel proposal, including whether it’s needed.

According to the document, DOE has failed to establish a compelling purpose saying, “A formal Memorandum by National Nuclear Security Administration clearly states that the German spent nuclear fuel ‘is not a proliferation concern.’ Therefore, bringing it to the US for safeguarding is unnecessary.”

According to the document, the German spent nuclear fuel is very stable and Germany is “a wealthy and stable first-world ally, capable of safety and securely managing this spent nuclear fuel.”

The draft document also stated that the DOE has not identified all reasonable alternatives.

 

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規制委、原発延長受け付け前倒し 計画的対策可能に via 日本経済新聞

原子力規制委員会は運転開始から40年を超す老朽原発の運転延長の申請を3年以上前倒しで受け付ける規則に改める。運転期間35年から申請できるようにする。電力会社が延長できるかどうかを早い段階で分かるようにして、定期検査時などの停止中に計画的に対策を取れるようにする。これまでに延長が認められた原発は、期限間際で結論が出たため対策に時間がかかり、すぐには動かせなかった。

原発の運転期間は原則40年だが、最大20年延長が認められる。そのためには、電力会社は規制委に申請し、原子炉の経年劣化の確認などの審査を受ける必要がある。現状では運転40年の1年3カ月前から申請できる。審査が運転40年までに終わらなければ、その時点で審査は打ち切りとなり、電力会社は廃炉を余儀なくされる。審査の行く末が分かるまで老朽化対策を進めるのをためらう要因になっている。

[…]

 

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内部被曝測定に初歩的ミスか? 改善進まぬ旧動燃体質 via テクノロジーonline

前々回前回と2回に渡り、2017年6月に発生した日本原子力研究開発機構の大洗研究開発センター燃料研究棟の内部被曝事故の経緯と原因を考察してきた。最終回では、なぜこうした事故を繰り返すのか、根本の原因を考察する。

両者とも測定評価ミスの可能性も

今回の被曝評価ではどちらも、緊急の医学的処置の要否を判断するため、測定の難しいα線測定からの放射能量の評価や、時間のかかるバイオアッセイ検査ではなく、肺モニターを採用している。超小型α線検出器の肺内部への挿入はできず、肺の汚染を直接検査するには外科手術による切開しか方法がない。医療リスクを考慮すれば、現実的には今のところ肺モニター法がベストといえる。

1回目の内部被曝検査に際しては、5人の作業者は大洗のPFRFから東海村にある核燃料サイクル工学研究所に移送されている。前述したように事故直後に作業服などの汚染が確認されていたことから、移送前には体外をシャワーで洗い流し除染している。バイオアッセイ検査で予測されるより大きな値が検出されたのは、このときの洗浄が不十分で身体表面に付着していた両核種を測定してしまったのではないか。

[…]

 

 

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乳歯の被ばく状況調査 福島歯科医師会が事故後生まれ、提供求める via 東京新聞

 東京電力福島第一原発事故を受け、福島県歯科医師会などが県内外から提供された子どもの乳歯に含まれている放射性物質を測定する研究を進めている。胎児期の歯の形成段階で体内に取り込まれた放射性物質がそのまま残りやすい性質に着目、世代間や地域間で比較し、事故後の被ばく状況や健康影響の解明につなげるのが狙いだ。

 環境省の研究調査事業として二〇一三年度に開始した。これまで北海道、新潟、静岡、熊本、沖縄の歯科医師会と連携し、本人や両親の同意を得て、約五千五百六十本の乳歯を集めた。

 対象となる主な放射性物質はストロンチウムで、化学的性質がカルシウムと似ているため骨や歯にたまりやすく、検出量から被ばく線量を推定できる。東北大(仙台市)と奥羽大(福島県郡山市)が今月までに分析を終えた五千本では、ほとんどの歯で微量の放射性物質が検出されたが、地域間での差は確認できなかった。過去に行われた核実験や自然界に存在する放射性物質が原因とみられ、第一原発事故による影響は考えにくいとしている。

 ただ、これらのほとんどが事故前に生まれた世代の乳歯とみられる。

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