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Oct. 28, 2017: Atomic Age IV Symposium

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If Trump doesn’t want a nuclear war with North Korea, a ‘No First Use’ pledge might work better than threats via The Washington Post


Some analysts claim that MAD prevented nuclear war between the superpowers, although it did not prevent several non-nuclear proxy wars, supported by each side, elsewhere. The fact that none of the seven countries that have acquired nuclear weapons since the 1950s have used them — even between such rivals as India and Pakistan — would seem to validate MAD.

But this is a debatable claim. The world has seen several close calls, involving accidents and last-minute decisions not to launch nuclear weapons. We may just have been lucky so far.

An alternative might be for the United States to draw a bright line, requiring verifiable information that a nuclear attack has occurred, before nuclear weapons would be used. Such a policy of No First Use, or NFU, of nuclear weapons has long been advocated by many prominent government officials and foreign policy analysts, both during and after the Cold War.

To be sure, this might undermine U.S. ability to respond to an imminent nuclear attack, including from a major power like Russia. But because it can so powerfully strike back, especially from its relatively invulnerable nuclear-armed submarine force, the United States could credibly promise to retaliate, even against a massive first strike, with devastating force.


The logic of NFU has been recognized by three nuclear states: China, India, and Israel. Each has indicated, albeit with some qualifications, that it would not be the first to use nuclear weapons in conflict.

If the United States declared an NFU policy, that might well induce other nuclear states to adopt one as well. Such a domino effect might even persuade North Korea that using nuclear weapons would threaten its very existence. If more and more nuclear states adopted NFU policies, the world might banish the threat of nuclear war, bringing a new global equilibrium.



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国の責任認定 原発福島訴訟 「元の生活を」決意新た via 東京新聞

東京電力福島第一原発事故を巡り、福島地裁が十日の判決で国と東電の責任を認めた訴訟は今後、国側と原告側双方の控訴が予想される。原告の一人で、四十年以上、原発に反対し続けてきた福島県相馬市の大内秀夫さん(81)は「国の責任が認められたのは第一歩だが、被災者救済のためにはまだ道半ば」と決意を新たにする。 (片山夏子)









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米軍ヘリ炎上:中部市町村会、沖縄防衛局に抗議 via 沖縄タイムス







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UK set to end outsourcing of nuclear clean-up via Financial Times

Decommissioning atomic reactors set to be brought in house after contract collapses

Decommissioning Britain’s first generation of atomic reactors is likely to be brought back “in-house” by the UK nuclear clean-up agency after the collapse of a £6.2bn outsourcing contract that exposed “fundamental failures” at the organisation.

Ministers have been considering whether the work, involving 12 Magnox nuclear plants and research sites, should be offered to another private contractor or run directly by the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority.


Problems included a shortage of experienced staff, poor record-keeping — including the inappropriate shredding of documents — and overly complex criteria that required NDA officials to evaluate bidders on 700 separate criteria.

These weaknesses made it unlikely that ministers would entrust the NDA with another multibillion pound outsourcing competition when the contract with Cavendish comes to an end in 2019 after a 24-month notice period, according to industry figures.

Instead, a Magnox subsidiary would be created along similar lines to Sellafield Ltd, the company responsible for Britain’s largest nuclear site in Cumbria. The NDA took control of Sellafield in 2016 after stripping a US-led private consortium, Nuclear Management Partners, of a £9bn contract.


Spending on nuclear decommissioning is projected to continue at a similar level over the next decade before gradually declining. But it will continue to weigh on UK finances into the next century because of the long timescales involved in cleaning up radioactive materials.

The latest official NDA estimate put the total cost of UK nuclear decommissioning at £164bn over the next 120 years, an increase of £3.4bn from the prior estimate. That dwarfs the estimated £60bn cost of decommissioning North Sea oil and gasfields.

The NDA’s existing work is spread across 17 sites from Dounreay in the far north of Scotland to Dungeness on the south coast of England. But almost three-quarters of total spending, or £120bn, is expected to be swallowed by Sellafield alone.


Some 18,500 people are employed by the NDA and its contractors around the UK, accounting for over a fifth of the total 87,500-strong nuclear workforce.

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原発、各党の考え スタンスの違い鮮明に via Economic News











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Nuclear power issue unlikely to be decisive factor in election via Japan Today

The future of nuclear power has become a key issue in campaigning for the Oct 22 general election, but Miyuki Ashiga, who was forced to evacuate her home in the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster, feels that ensuring citizens’ safety has been put on the back-burner.

“Reconstruction efforts, including building new houses, are still slow” over six and a half years since the crisis, the 59-year-old said standing before arrays of makeshift housing for evacuees of Futaba, a town hosting the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear complex with neighboring Okuma.

Recalling the confusion and fear she felt fleeing her home in Futaba with her mother, she said, “In such a disaster, you tend to underestimate the outcome, thinking it can’t be that bad.”

“I want the government, whoever takes power, to tackle nuclear safety seriously” such as by making evacuation plans for residents living near nuclear plants, Ashiga said.

“I just hope such an accident will never, never happen again.”


All residents of Futaba are under an evacuation order, with 96 percent of the town designated as “difficult-to-return zones.”

While reconstruction efforts are still ongoing, and a decades-long plan to scrap the Fukushima Daiichi complex has exposed many challenges, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s Liberal Democratic Party is pledging to keep nuclear power as an “important base-load power source.”


But the LDP’s campaign has not focused on nuclear safety as opinion polls show around half of all voters are opposed to restarting nuclear power plants. Abe did not touch on the nuclear issue at all when he delivered his first stump speech in Fukushima.

Other parties, meanwhile, have stressed their plans to withdraw from nuclear power in their campaign pledges.

Tokyo Gov Yuriko Koike’s Party of Hope, for example, says it will compile a roadmap to eliminate nuclear power plants by 2030.

The Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan, led by former chief Cabinet secretary Yukio Edano, calls for a speedy end to nuclear power generation, promising to create a law aimed at paving the way for eliminating all nuclear plants. In contrast to the Party of Hope, Edano’s party says any resumption of currently idle plants cannot be accepted in the process of realizing a complete exit.

The Social Democratic Party and the Japanese Communist Party are also against nuclear power and restarting nuclear reactors.

Read more at Nuclear power issue unlikely to be decisive factor in election 

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20歳以下に聞く 原発への賛否拮抗 切実感ない教育無償化 via 産経ニュース


■原発政策 「必要」または「活用する」▽原発ゼロを目指す▽分からない-がほぼ同数で“三極化”。沼津市の女子高校生(18)は「安全対策をきちんとすれば、稼働させた方がいい。廃止は現実的でない」との立場。一方で、浜松市の女性会社員(18)は「原発なんていらない。危ない」と考える。富士市の男子大学生(20)は「原発のおかげという地域もある。少しずつ減らせばいい」と段階的な削減を主張する。




全文は20歳以下に聞く 原発への賛否拮抗 切実感ない教育無償化

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「福島型」に事故対策追加義務づけ 循環冷却など 規制委が基準改正へ via 日本経済新聞





続きは「福島型」に事故対策追加義務づけ 循環冷却など 規制委が基準改正へ 

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<社説>事故機に放射性物質 米軍は現地調査を認めよ via 琉球新報






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消防隊員らの被ばく検査未定 ヘリ炎上事故「不安と緊張、続く」via 琉球新報








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