Skip to content


もしゴジラが上陸したら?現役自衛官たちが真剣に考えてみた(上) viaDiamond Online

もしゴジラが本当に東京湾から首都・東京に上陸して大暴れしたならば、わが国自衛隊はどう対処するのだろうか――。今、公開中の映画「シン・ゴジラ」(東宝系)は警察官、消防士、自衛官たちの職業本能をかき立てるものだという。ゴジラがわが国にやってきた場合の自衛隊のオペレーションとはいかなるものか。防衛省、陸海空の各幕僚監部、そして自衛隊の作戦をつかさどる統合幕僚監部に話を聞いてみた。(取材・文/フリージャーナリスト 秋山謙一郎)
[…]
まず防衛省に真っ正面から「自衛隊vsゴジラ」について聞いてみたところ、「架空の事柄について回答することは差し控えたい」と、にべもない返答がかえってきた。昨年から幾度となく食い下がったが、オフレコといえども、とうとう回答をもらえることはなかった。

 だが本当に防衛省が「対ゴジラ戦」をまったく想定していないかといえば、そうではない。防衛省本省に勤務する事務官のひとりはこう明かす。「防衛大学校や幹部候補生学校では、『もしゴジラが東京に上陸して、サンシャイン60をなぎ倒そうとした場合』にどう対処するか、あくまでも雑談の一環としてではありますが、語られていると聞いたことがあります」。

 さらに、こんな証言もある。53期生として防衛大学校国際関係学部に学んだ陸上の幹部自衛官は、「対ゴジラ戦について防大の授業で話題に出たことがある」と話し、防衛省や自衛隊による対ゴジラ戦の研究を暗に認めた。一般大学卒の幹部自衛官も、「幹部候補生学校の授業で話題に上った」という。

 こうしたいくつもの証言を総合すると、防衛省・自衛隊による「対ゴジラ戦」検討は、もはや“公然の秘密”として行われているものなのかもしれない。
[…]

もっと読む。

Posted in *日本語.

Tagged with , , .


IAEA holds first nuclear security school in Egypt via World Nuclear News

Young professionals from 14 countries attended the first Arabic-language international school on nuclear security held in Cairo, Egypt as part of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) efforts to promote awareness of nuclear security amongst young professionals.
The 33 participants included customs and law enforcement agents, regulators, operators and academics from Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia, Tunisia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. The school covered topics including international and national legal frameworks for nuclear security; physical protection of nuclear and radioactive materials; computer and information security; nuclear security culture; nuclear forensics and crime scene management; and security at major public events.
The school included presentations, case studies and practical exercises including hands-on experience of nuclear detection instruments used to track the illicit trafficking of nuclear materials.
[…]

Read more.

Posted in *English.

Tagged with , , .


Former town mayor recalls town referendum that booted plans for nuclear plant via the Japan Times

NIIGATA – Residents of the town of Maki, Niigata Prefecture, made the right decision 20 years ago, according to Takaaki Sasaguchi.

The town was Japan’s first ever to hold a referendum over a plan to build a nuclear power plant and firmly knocked it down.

“I’m proud that we opened our future through the referendum,” the former town mayor, 68, said in an interview. “Our choice not to allow a nuclear plant to be built in our town was not wrong.”

Maki no longer exists as a discrete entity as it has since been absorbed into the city of Niigata.

But memories run strong of what people power achieved, and in light of the Fukushima disaster what it may have prevented.

In 1971, Tohoku Electric Power Co. unveiled plans to construct a nuclear plant in the town. The facility was to generate electricity from a central 825,000-kw reactor of boiling-water design.

But as land appropriation and other work got underway, opposition strengthened.

Sasaguchi and his colleagues set up a group aimed at holding a referendum so that residents could decide for themselves.

He was elected mayor in January 1996, and the Maki government then established a municipal ordinance for a referendum.

Referendum day was Aug. 4 that year, and 12,478 residents voted against the plan. Those in favor totaled 7,904.

Voter turnout was 88.29 percent in Japan’s first local referendum over a nuclear power station.

[…]
A pro-nuclear push made it difficult for Maki residents to speak up.

“The most important thing in the referendum was that residents showed their intentions and made a choice,” Sasaguchi recalls.

The referendum result drew heavy media coverage, and the town was praised for choosing the democratic process.

Sasaguchi says it also brought the town together.

“I think Maki residents probably wanted to bring their town, which had been upset by the nuclear project, back to being a normal community,” he said.

[…]
Meanwhile, Sasaguchi notes that Tokyo Electric Power Co. has filed for Nuclear Regulation Authority safety checks for two of the seven reactors at its Kashiwazaki-Kariwa nuclear power station in Niigata Prefecture.

“Even if the NRA endorses the safety, the issue of the nuclear waste disposal site remains unresolved,” he said.

The central government still has not identified a long-term disposal site for high-level waste.

“The Japanese government should put into force a policy that doesn’t depend on nuclear power plants as soon as possible,” he said.

Read more.

Posted in *English.

Tagged with , , , .


Interview with professor Robert Jacobs: Must say no to a war more via Hiroshima Peace Media Center

People in Hiroshima, which marked the 71st anniversary of the atomic bombing, have still evaluated the visit by U.S. President Barack Obama highly. Meanwhile, there is still a long way to go to realize the abolition of nuclear weapons in international society. The Chugoku Shimbun interviewed Robert Jacobs, 56, a professor at the Hiroshima Peace Institute of Hiroshima City University, about how we can fill the gap between real politics and the desire of people in the A-bombed cities. Mr. Jacobs has been living in Hiroshima for 11 years, and is familiar with American public opinion and pop culture concerning nuclear issues.

I have heard your own experiences as a child is the point of origin that has driven you to continue your research activity in the A-bombed Hiroshima.
When I was an elementary school student in Chicago, U.S., I went through a training similar to “Duck and Cover” every month. In the training, I practiced what to do when a nuclear weapon exploded. After my teacher told the students that a tremendous flash happened, we ducked on the floor all at once. I was scared, because I thought I was going to die soon. From 1950s to 1960s, conducting such a training was quite popular at schools in the U.S. As I couldn’t stop thinking about horrors of nuclear war, I read a lot of books on nuclear weapons. Then, I took part in the antinuclear movement in my teens, and I developed a strong belief that nuclear weapons must be eliminated. So, I think it was inevitable for me to come to Hiroshima.

What is your main research theme at the Hiroshima Peace Institute?
I have been studying how horrible results have been wrought by the development and testing of nuclear weapons, and how American and world culture and society have been affected by them. In addition, through a project titled “Global Hibakusha Project,” I have been investigating an initiative to connect the nuclear victims throughout the world. In the project, young people in Republic of the Marshall Islands, a nation which was involved in a U.S. hydrogen bomb test at Bikini Atoll, and several other countries have been developed as memory keepers. They have also been interacting with the youth in Hiroshima via Skype, an internet video and also in person workshops.

[…]

You mean a world without nuclear weapons cannot be realized soon.
Hiroshima has two significances to the U.S. While Hiroshima is known as a tragic city in the U.S. because of the atomic bombing, the U.S. used Hiroshima as an excuse to increase its nuclear arsenal during a cold war era. In those days, the U.S. government aroused its citizens’ sense of fear that the U.S. must have much more nuclear weapons than the former Soviet Union to not end up being like “Hiroshima.” Now, against a backdrop of a threat by the militant group known as the Islamic State, the nuclear weapons have gained prominent attention again. It could be a shocking fact to people in the A-bombed cities, but it’s still strongly believed in the U.S. that the nuclear weapons are necessary because of the tragedy, which occurred in Hiroshima.

[…]

Could you elaborate on it more?
I believe you should rather make an appeal based on the extensive moral framework of the whole society. As the living standard of the middle-class has declined in the U.S., more and more people have become pessimistic about their future. Meanwhile, the U.S. government is planning to spend a trillion dollars (about 100 trillion yen) for upgrading nuclear weapons over the next three decades. Is it acceptable to sacrifice living standard of people for such spending? Shouldn’t education and medical services be more prioritized than military affairs? Taking these perspectives into account, it’s important to appeal to international opinion opposing wars and military powers. If people in the A-bombed cities can collaborate with those working on these issues in the world, I believe you can generate a much bigger wave than now.

Read more at Interview with professor Robert Jacobs: Must say no to a war more

Posted in *English.

Tagged with , , , , .


Nuclear regulators keep ban on Monju reactor via NHK World

Japan’s nuclear regulator has dismissed a plea to lift its order banning the operation of an experimental reactor in Fukui Prefecture.

The Nuclear Regulation Authority in 2013 ordered the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, which operates the prototype Monju fast breeder reactor, to keep it offline.

The order came after the operator was found to have failed to inspect about 10,000 items at the plant.

On Thursday, officials of the operator asked the authority to lift the order, saying they had improved situations that constituted violations of safety provisions.

The officials said they had completed maintenance of all relevant devices by April, and reviewed maintenance methods based on each one’s importance.

Continue reading at Nuclear regulators keep ban on Monju reactor 

Posted in *English.

Tagged with , , , .


もんじゅ運転禁止解除求めるも 規制委は解除の考え無し via NHK News Web

安全管理上の問題が相次ぎ、事実上の運転を禁じる命令を受けた高速増殖炉「もんじゅ」につい て、日本原子力研究開発機構は「法令違反は改善された」として、原子力規制委員会に命令を解除するよう求めました。しかし規制委員会は解除する考えはない としていて、運転再開の見通しは立たない状態です。

福 井県にある日本原子力研究開発機構の高速増殖炉「もんじゅ」は、およそ1万件に上る点検漏れなどの問題が相次ぎ、3年前、規制委員会から、事実上運転を禁 じる命令を受けました。これに対して原子力機構は18日、これまでの改善策で「法令違反の状態は改善された」として、規制委員会に命令を解除するよう求め ました。

(略)

これに対し、規制委員会は「今月に入っても保安規定違反が出てくるなど、改善しているとは思えない」と返答したということです。

(略)

改善策「合格点取れた」

日本原子力研究開発機構の児玉敏雄理事長は記者会見を開き、これまでの改善策について、「合格点が取れたと認識している」としたうえで、「新たな運営主体がどのような形態になろうとも、もんじゅの早期運転のため、保守管理のレベルを上げておく必要がある」と述べました。

その一方、改善策の中で電力会社やメーカーとの連携を強化してきたとしていることに関連して、電力会社やメーカーから、もんじゅが必要とされていると思うかという質問に対し、児玉理事長は「現時点では不明確だ。私自身、よくわからない」と述べました。

そのうえで、「核燃料サイクルを仕上げるためには、もんじゅが必要だというベクトルを合わせていくことが求められている」と述べ、国を挙げてもんじゅを推し進めていく必要性を強調しました。

Posted in *日本語.

Tagged with , , , , .


「福島の正確な状況伝える」 韓国大使、知事と会談 via 福島民報

李俊揆駐日韓国大使は17日、就任あいさつで県庁を訪れ、内堀雅雄知事と会談した。李氏は東京電力福島第一原発事故に伴う風評に関し「福島の正確な状況を (韓国国民に)伝え、一日も早く韓国と福島の交流が活発に行われるように努力したい」と述べた。風評の払拭(ふっしょく)や福島-ソウル間の国際定期便の 再開などに前向きに取り組む姿勢も表明した。

李氏は会談後、記者団の取材に応じ、韓国で風評が根強く残る現状を念頭に「このような状況が一日で 改善されることは厳しい」とする一方で「韓国の国民が(福島を)直接見れば、徐々に改善していく」と指摘。「科学的数値を含め福島県の正確な状況を本国の 国民に伝えるのが私の仕事だ」と語った。

続きは「福島の正確な状況伝える」 韓国大使、知事と会談 

Posted in *日本語.

Tagged with , , .


審査加速で再稼働さらに 原発事故の賠償金不十分 via 佐賀新聞

四国電力伊方原発3号機(愛媛県)が再稼働し、国内の稼働原発は2原発3基になった。原子力規制委員会は審査を加速させており、今後再稼働が進む情勢だが、一方で電力会社の責任範囲が焦点となっている原発事故時の賠償制度の見直し議論は迷走気味だ。資金の備えも脆弱(ぜいじゃく)で、対応は後手に回っており、東京電力福島第1原発事故の教訓を生かせていない。

 福島事故の賠償総額は7兆円を超える見通しで、支払いが続いている。事故直後、政府は「原子力損害賠償・廃炉等支援機構」を設立し、一時的に国が賠償を肩代わりする仕組みを作った。

[…]
現行制度は、事故を起こした電力会社が上限なしで賠償責任を負う「無限責任」を定めている。これに対し電力業界は、経営上負担が大きすぎるとして国との分担による「有限責任」への切り替えを求めている。

 国の原子力委員会の専門部会で見直しを議論しているが、見解はさまざまでまとまっておらず、当面は機構の枠組みを活用せざるを得ない。

 機構は、各社の拠出金をプールして将来の事故に備えるとしているものの、福島事故の返済が終わらない限り積み立てる資金はできない。最大1200億円の保険金以外、新たな事故への備えが十分にないまま再稼働が進んでいる形だ。

 立命館大の大島堅一教授(環境経済学)は「事故が起きれば賠償以外にも除染などさまざまな費用が必要で、規模の小さな電力会社は持たない。資金の裏付けが不十分なまま再稼働を進めるのは態度としていいかげんだ」と批判している。

もっと読む。

Posted in *日本語.

Tagged with , , .


Westinghouse shuts down part of S.C. nuclear fuel plant over safety concerns via Pittsburgh Post Gazette

Anya Litvak

Nuclear regulators are investigating why Westinghouse Electric Co. ended up with three times the safe amount of uranium stuck inside a scrubber at its nuclear fuel factory in Columbia, S.C., and why it took the company more than a month to notify regulators when the situation should have been reported within 24 hours.

When the Cranberry-based company did contact the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in mid-July, federal regulators sent out a team to investigate, and Westinghouse shut down that portion of the plant. The NRC is still piecing together what happened and might be finished with its investigation in several weeks, said spokesman Roger Hannah.
[…]
A Potentially Serious Incident
Federal regulators have deemed this incident serious enough that it could have resulted in a criticality — a nuclear term for when conditions are right for a nuclear reaction.

“The way a chain reaction occurs is you have to enough material, close enough together, in a particular configuration” along with other conditions such as moisture and pressure that set events in motion, said Mr. Hannah at the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

In a nuclear power plant, those conditions are desired and meticulously maintained.

“In a fuel facility, you don’t want that to happen,” he said. There, nuclear criticality safety professionals work to ensure such conditions don’t align.

That’s why there are safety limits on the amount of uranium that can accumulate in a particular component before a criticality event is considered possible.

Mr. Hannah said the federal investigation is focused on human performance — how Westinghouse established safety protocols and how it trained its employees to follow them.

“We will look at past actions,” he said. “If they had had something similar, should they have learned [from it]?”

Read more.

Posted in *English.

Tagged with , , .


Heat forces slowdown at Pilgrim nuclear plant via Cape Cod News

By Christine Legere
PLYMOUTH — A stretch of hot weather has again affected operations at Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station, marking the third summer out of the last four that the plant has been forced by excessive water temperatures to power down.
Temperatures of the Cape Cod Bay seawater used to cool the reactor and turbine exceeded the maximum allowed under federal standards Monday afternoon.
This is only the third summer in the plant’s 44-year history that excessively hot bay water has caused a slowdown at Pilgrim. Previous occurrences were in July 2013 and August 2015.
Pilgrim draws 500 million gallons from the bay every day to cool its systems through a network of thousands of tubes.
Its license caps the water intake temperature at 75 degrees Fahrenheit. It can be up to 30 degrees hotter when it is returned to the bay.

[…]
Mary Lampert, director of the citizens group Pilgrim Watch, sees irony in the effect climate change is having on nuclear reactors.
“The nuclear industry incorrectly claims that nuclear power is the answer to climate change, but climate change brings warmer sea water temperature and this means that the reactor must shut down when the bay heats up,” Lampert wrote in an email. “On the other hand, when water temperatures get hot, truly clean sources of electricity — wind, solar, hydro, tide — operate just fine.”
Some plant owners have successfully applied to raise the federal 75-degree limit for intake water.
Millstone Nuclear Power Plant in Connecticut, which draws water from Long Island Sound, was the first in the Northeast to shut down because of rising water temperatures. Millstone has since successfully applied for an increase to 80 degrees for its intake water.

[…]

Read more.

Posted in *English.

Tagged with , .