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元作業員が東電など提訴=「原発作業でがん発症」-札幌地裁 via 時事ドットコム

福島第1原発事故の収束作業に従事したことが原因でがんを発症したなどとして、札幌市に住む元作業員の男性(57)は1日、東京電力など3社に計約 6500万円の損害賠償を求める訴訟を札幌地裁に起こした。原告弁護団によると、事故収束作業と発がんの因果関係を争う裁判は全国で初めてという。

他の2社は、元請けの大成建設(東京)と下請けの山崎建設(同)。

訴状によると、男性は2011年7~10月の間、福島第1原発で重機作業に従事。12年6月にぼうこうがん、13年3月に胃がん、同5月にはS状結腸がんが見つかった。

男性は13年8月に富岡労働基準監督署(福島県)に労災を申請したが、今年1月に不支給となり、福島労働局に審査請求を行った。

男性の被ばく線量は累積で56.41ミリシーベルトだったが、実際は線量計を着けずに屋外で作業したことがあり、被ばく線量は国ががんとの因果関係認定の目安とする累積100ミリシーベルトを超えたと主張している。

続きは元作業員が東電など提訴=「原発作業でがん発症」-札幌地裁

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Japan nuclear power outlook bleak despite first reactor restart via Reuters

The number of Japanese nuclear reactors likely to restart in the next few years has halved, hit by legal challenges and worries about meeting tougher safety standards imposed in the wake of the Fukushima disaster, a Reuters analysis shows.

The country has been inching back to nuclear energy, turning on its first reactor in mid-August after a two-year blackout, with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and many in industry looking to cut fuel bills despite widespread public opposition to atomic power.

But the analysis shows that of the other 42 operable reactors remaining in the country, just seven are likely to be turned on in the next few years, down from the 14 predicted in a similar survey last year.

The findings are based on reactor inspection data from industry watchdog the Nuclear Regulation Authority, court rulings and interviews with local authorities, utilities and energy experts. They also show that nine reactors are unlikely to ever restart and that the fate of the remaining 26 looks uncertain.

[…]

LEGAL WOES

Legal challenges from local residents have hit all atomic plants, with the country’s most nuclear-reliant utility Kansai Electric Power issued with court rulings preventing the restart of four reactors despite two of them already receiving NRA approval to switch on.

Kansai has appealed the judgments but the court cases may take years to resolve if the rulings are not overturned on the first appeal.

Tougher safety standards and stricter implementation of rules since Fukushima have also been hitting restarts. Japan Atomic Power has been battling a regulatory ruling that one of its reactors sits above an active fault, meaning it must be decommissioned.

Read more at Japan nuclear power outlook bleak despite first reactor restart

 

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福島原発事故「安全思いこみ」を批判…IAEA via yomiuri online

 【ジュネーブ=石黒穣】国際原子力機関(IAEA)は8月31日、2011年3月の東京電力福島第一原発事故に関する最終報告書を発表した。

(略)

 最終報告書は、日本で事故を教訓に原子力規制委員会が設けられ るなど規制体制の改革が行われ、緊急事態への備えが強化されたことなどを評価。福島の事故で浮き彫りになった安全上の課題は、日本だけの問題ではないとし て、各国が情報共有などで協力を進める必要性も強調した。

 また、日本の電力事業者の間で「この規模の事故はあり得ないと の思い込みがはびこり、政府も規制当局も疑問を挟まなかった」などと問題点を列挙。電力供給停止が長時間にわたって起こることを想定外と考えるなど、緊急 事態への備えを怠ったことを事故の「主要な要因」として挙げた。また、規制当局の責任と権限が不明確で、規制体制に弱点があったと指摘した。

全文は福島原発事故「安全思いこみ」を批判…IAEA

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Miyagi residents physically block officials from surveying proposed nuke waste dump sites via The Japan Times

Residents of three Miyagi Prefecture towns selected as candidate sites for hosting a permanent nuclear waste disposal facility barred the entry Monday of Environment Ministry officials seeking to carry out survey work.

People in the towns of Kami, Kurihara and Taiwa stalled the officials’ plan to conduct geological surveys needed to determine which of the three locations would be best to host the site, which will permanently store radioactive waste that spewed from the Fukushima No. 1 power plant following the March 11, 2011, Great East Japan Earthquake.

In the Tashirodake area of Kami on Monday morning, some 350 residents turned out in a light rain to protest the visit, holding banners and signs and yelling “Protect children’s future!” and “Get lost!”

They also physically blocked the officials’ access to the areas.

[…]

Miyagi Gov. Yoshihiro Murai criticized the residents’ demonstrations, saying they should wage their battle against the nuclear dump site in the courts.

“They should open the land for a government survey without hesitating,” Murai said. “If they disagree with the government plan, they should go to court.”

Post-3/11 nuclear waste is being temporarily stored on farms around the prefecture and farmers hosting the waste are demanding the government build a proper storage site.

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福島県:子供の甲状腺がんと原発事故の関係調査へ via 毎日新聞

福島県は31日、東京電力福島第1原発事故による放射線被ばくが子供の甲状腺がんにどう影響を与えたのかを、事故後実施している県民健康調査のデータから分析する研究チームを福島県立医大に発足させたと発表した。全国の甲状腺がん患者の確認状況などとデータを比較し、福島県の子供の発生率が自然発生率より高いかなどを調査する。今年度中に研究結果をまとめる方針。

 県は事故当時18歳以下の子供らを対象に甲状腺の検査を実施している。今年4月30日までに対象者36万7685人のうち約8割の30万476人が受診。うち98人が甲状腺がんと診断され、14人ががんの疑いがあるとされた。
[…]
また県は31日、昨年4月から行っている2巡目となる甲状腺がんの検査で、1巡目でがんと診断されていなかった子供のうち今年6月末時点で新たに1人が甲状腺がんと診断されたと明らかにした。2巡目の検査でがんが確定したのは計6人となり、がんの疑いも前回発表の5月時点より9人増えて19人となった。【小林洋子】

もっと読む。

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Georgia can learn lessons from Fukushima disaster via Just Atlanta News

By Daniel R. Ferreira

Georgia has two nuclear power plants with another under construction today. Together, the current plants produce about 20 percent of the electricity used in the state.
Whether you are pro- or anti-nuclear power, the truth is that nuclear power matters and all such plants carry with them the inherent risk of a radioactive release.
So why would a Kennesaw State University environmental science professor concern himself with nuclear energy? The answer is right beneath your feet.
[…]
As a soil chemist, I have a keen interest in what happens to the soil after a nuclear power plant melts down. Today, Japan is the one facing a crisis, but who knows where the next Fukushima Daiichi style accident might occur? Cleaning up the mess after such a disaster is not a simple undertaking by any stretch of the imagination.
After the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident, the radioactive cesium that was released settled out of the atmosphere and was subsequently deposited over an area that may be as large as 15,000 square miles.
[…]
The Japanese government is funding many research projects seeking to find a method capable of removing the radioactive cesium from the soil so that it can be safely disposed. Yet, almost five years later, no one has stepped forward with a way to clean up the radioactive soil.

However, my Kennesaw State colleagues, ecosystem ecologist Dr. Matt Weand and animal physiological ecologist Dr. Mark Sugalski, and I have an idea for a new method to treat the cesium-contaminated soil in Japan that we believe will work.
Right now, we are in the process of creating soil to mimic the characteristics of the environment around the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. Our next step will be to experiment with growing certain types of plants in the soil.
Some plants are known to be able to tap into mineral reserves for nutrients when the levels of these nutrients become too low in the soil. We believe that these plants can be tricked into using their abilities to extract cesium from the clay minerals in Japanese soils.
According to a colleague at the University of Tokyo, no one in Japan has explored this particular avenue of research. The idea is promising and novel, and I believe it is worth exploring.

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Mothers, Students Join Japan’s Protests Over Security Bills via ABC News

Mothers holding their children’s hands stood in the sprinkling rain, some carrying anti-war placards, while students chanted slogans to the beat of a drum against Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his defense policies.

Japan is seeing new faces join the ranks of protesters typically made up of labor union members and graying leftist activists. Tens of thousands filled the streets outside Tokyo’s parliament on Sunday to rally against security legislation expected to pass in September.

“No to war legislation!” ”Scrap the bills now!” and “Abe, quit!” they chanted in one of the biggest protests in recent memory. The bills would expand Japan’s military role under a reinterpretation of the country’s war-renouncing constitution.

In Japan, where people generally don’t express political views in public, such rallies have largely diminished since often violent university student protests in the 1960s.

The 2011 Fukushima nuclear plant disaster, however, prompted a spurt of anti-nuclear protests that brought mothers out of their homes. Now at least some seem to be shifting their focus to the security debate.

[…]
But grass-roots movements among typically apolitical groups such as mothers and students — aided by social media — appear to be growing.

A group called Mothers Against War started in July and gained supporters rapidly via Facebook. It collected nearly 20,000 signatures of people opposed to the legislation, which representatives tried unsuccessfully to submit to Abe’s office last Friday.

Etsuko Matsuda, a member of the group, said she has seen too many things going in the wrong direction, including the recent return to nuclear power in post-Fukushima Japan.

“I think there are a growing number of people like me who realized our lives have only turned worse under Abe’s government,” said the 40-year-old mother of two from Sendai city in northern Japan. “I hope more people would be interested in politics and speak up.”

The security bills would permit the Self Defense Force to engage in combat for the first time since World War II in cases of “collective defense,” when Japan’s allies such as the U.S. are attacked, but Japan itself is not.

[…]
The topic has become almost a regular item in women’s magazines, traditionally known more for covering entertainment, beauty, health, food and the Imperial family.

Takashi Watanabe, a deputy editor-in-chief of Shukan Josei (Ladies Weekly), said there has been a growing appetite for social issues among readers, especially since Fukushima.

The magazine often receives inquiries by mail or phone about the legislation, sometimes even asking for anti-war rally details, he said.

[…]

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アトムの涙 手塚治虫が込めた思い(下)原作を読むきっかけに 科学とエゴのはざまでvia 47News

東京電力福島第1原発事故の後、インターネットの掲示板などに「鉄腕アトム」への批判的な意見が相次いだ。多くは「原発のイメージアップに加担しているのではないか」という書き込みだ。

手塚治虫の長女るみ子(48)は不安に駆られ、何度も声を上げそうになったが、そのたびにファンが反論して”疑惑”を打ち消してくれた。

おかげで今はそんな批判も、冷静に受け止められるようになった。「あらためて原作を読み、真意をくみ取るきっかけにしてほしい」

有名なアトム誕生のエピソードからして「父の思いがよく出ている」とるみ子は言う。

わが子を失った天馬博士が悲しみのあまり、息子そっくりのロボット、アトムをつくる。博士は最初は喜んでかわいがるが、成長しないアトムにいらだち、ついに追い出してしまう…。

「幸福のためにあるはずの科学技術が、人のエゴや欲でゆがめられてしまう。アトムはいつもそのはざまで悩んでいるんです」

手塚は1985年夏、東京・西新宿で開催した「手塚治虫漫画40年展」で1枚の風刺漫画を展示した。

米国が行った核実験で被ばくした「第五福竜丸」が海に浮かんでいる。

アトムに向かって「この原子力ロボットめ、死の灰を降らせるな!」と叫ぶ村人たち。涙を浮かべたアトムに、手塚はこうつぶやかせている。「ボクは正義の味方だと思っていたのになあ」

「アドルフに告ぐ」「グリンゴ」など手塚は後年、社会派の作品を残した。時流に敏感な手塚が生きていたら、原発事故から着想を得て、シリアスな人間ドラマを描いたに違いない。

「なのはな」「プルート夫人」など、福島の事故後、原発をテーマにした作品を次々に発表した漫画家の萩尾望都(63)は、「鉄腕アトム」が原発と関連づけて語られることにやるせなさを感じ、こんな「アトム最終話」のあらすじを考えた。

続きは アトムの涙 手塚治虫が込めた思い(下)原作を読むきっかけに 科学とエゴのはざまで

参考 アトムの涙 手塚治虫が込めた思い(中)描いた覚えない 電力会社がPRに利用 via 47News

 

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鹿児島県 台風時の原発事故は「想定外」via Hunter

大規模停電で無責任体制露呈

今月11日に再稼働した九州電力川内原子力発電所(薩摩川内市)をめぐり、鹿児島県(伊藤祐一郎知事)の杜撰な事故対策の実態が明らかとなった。
25日に九州を襲った台風15号の影響で、鹿児島県内にも被害が続出。薩摩地方では翌26日まで多くの地域が停電したままの状態に――。
原発周辺自治体の住民から「停電が長引けば、原発事故が起きても連絡などできないのでは」といった声が上がったことから、万が一の場合の対応について県 の担当課に確認したところ、県は台風時の原発事故を想定しておらず、対応策さえ存在していないことが分かった。(写真:鹿児島県庁と川内原発)

原発周辺で大規模な停電
九州全域に被害をもたらした台風15号。上陸した25日から通過後の26日にかけて混乱が続き、各地で電気の供給が止まる事態となった。鹿児島県の薩摩 地方では、川内原発の立地自治体である薩摩川内市や周辺自治体の広い地域で電気がストップ。25日は、多くの住民が真っ暗な夜を迎えていた。電力の復旧は 進まず、26日深夜になっても同地方の3~4割の世帯が停電。完全復旧は27日夜になる見込みだ。

(略)

渋々認めた「想定外」
この状況で、原発に事故が起きたらどうなるのか――住民が不安を覚えるのは当然だろう。原子力防災を所管する鹿児島県原子力安全対策課に話を聞いた。

記者:原発の周辺自治体で大規模な停電が発生している。台風時の原発事故を想定していたのか?
県側:個別、具体的な事案に対しては、その都度対応策を講じていくことになっている。

記者:台風、停電。こうした状況で、どうやって原発事故を周知し、避難誘導するのかを聞いている。
県側:個別、具体的な事案に対しては……。

記者:杓子定規な話を聞いても仕方がない。今回のような場合に、原発事故を知らせる方法は?
県側:防災無線やエリアメール、広報車の活用ができる。

記者:それは、通常の災害対策に用いるもの。台風が荒れ狂うなか、しかも今回のように広域で停電や電話の不通が発生している場合に、役に立つとは思えない。どうやって知らせる?
県側:個別、具体的な事案に対しては……。

記者:他に策はないということか?もう一度聞く。台風時の原発事故は想定していたのか?。
県側:個別、具体的な事案に対しては……。

記者:想定していない。そういうこと!
県側:してません……。

川内原発の再稼働を決めた鹿児島県だが、避難計画は不備のまま。最低限の避難訓練さえ行っていないのが実情だ。台風下での大規模停電、そこに原発事故――県はこうした事態になることを、まったく考えていないかったのである。繰り返される「想定外」。福島第一の事故を教訓にできない自治体に、原発再稼働を決める権限などあるまい。伊藤知事はどう責任をとるのか?

全文は鹿児島県 台風時の原発事故は「想定外」

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George Osborne making ‘wrong moral choice’ on nuclear weapons via The Guardian

Scotland’s deputy first minister accuses chancellor of jumping gun by announcing extra £500m for Trident base

Scotland’s deputy first minister has accused George Osborne of making “the wrong moral choice” on nuclear weapons after the chancellor announced £500m of extra spending at the Trident submarine base in Faslane.

John Swinney accused Osborne of jumping the gun by making the announcement before the Commons could have a full debate on Trident’s renewal and the future shape of the UK’s defences.

Osborne, who was visiting the base on the shores of Gare Loch in Argyll and Bute on Monday, announced a further £500m to upgrade and expand its infrastructure, including jetties and seawalls. All the UK’s nuclear and conventional submarines will be based there from 2020.

Osborne said the investment was a dividend for Scotland remaining part of the UK. He also claimed that a Labour party led by Jeremy Corbyn, allied with the anti-nuclear Scottish National party, would pose a threat to national security by undermining the future of Trident.

[…]

A final Commons vote on renewing Trident is due in 2016 and the debate is expected to be one of the most divisive yet on British nuclear weapons with 56 SNP members having been elected on a strong anti-nuclear platform, and a resurgence of anti-nuclear sentiment in the Labour party with Corbyn’s leadership campaign.

It could also increase political divisions between Scotland and the rest of the UK – a fear likely to have strongly influenced Osborne’s decision to press the case for new jobs and investment at Faslane on an official visit before the Commons resumes.

As it stands, only two of Scotland’s 59 MPs, the Tory Scottish secretary, David Mundell, and the former Scottish secretary Alistair Carmichael, support nuclear weapons: Ian Murray, Labour’s shadow Scottish secretary and its sole MP in Scotland, has said publicly he will vote against renewing Trident. Swinney said a number of Tory MPs also preferred higher spending on conventional forces to new nuclear weapons.

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