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Are mini-nuclear reactors the answer to the climate change crisis? via The Guardian

Industry looks to the UK to develop factory-built reactors ready to provide affordable, low-carbon energy wherever it is needed – but issues around security and waste disposal remain

Mini nuclear power plants could be trucked into a town near you to provide your hot water, or shipped to any country that wants to plug them into their electricity grid from the dock. That is the aim of those developing “small modular reactors” and, from the US to China to Poland, they want the UK to be at the centre of the nascent industry. The UK government says it is “fully enthused” about the technology.

With UN climate change summit in Paris imminent, the question of how to keep the lights on affordably, while cutting emissions, is pressing.

Small modular reactors (SMRs) aim to capture the advantages of nuclear power – always-on, low-carbon energy – while avoiding the problems, principally the vast cost and time taken to build huge plants. Current plants, such as the planned French-Chinese Hinkley Point project in Somerset, have to be built on-site, a task likened to “building a cathedral within a cathedral”.

Instead, SMRs, would be turned out by the dozen in a factory, then transported to sites and plugged in, making them – in theory – cheaper. Companies around the world, including in Russia, South Korea and Argentina, are now trying to turn that theory into practice and many are looking at the nuclear-friendly UK as the place to make it happen.


A government-funded report from the UK’s National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL) in December 2014 suggested there was potentially a “very significant” global market for hundreds of SMRs (65-85 gigawatts) by 2035, with dozens of the SMRs (7GW) sited in the UK. This market would be worth £250-£400bn, the NNL estimated, saying it represented an economic opportunity for UK plc.

SMRs are reactors that produce less than 300MW (0.3GW) of electricity, much smaller than the 1,000MW (1GW) of many existing nuclear plants. An additional advantage is that SMRs can vary their output quickly, meaning they could be used to balance intermittent wind and solar energy, unlike big nuclear plants.


Westinghouse, part of Toshiba and one of the world’s biggest nuclear companies, is staying on land with its 225MW (electricity) SMR, which it says could be deployed by 2027. “There’s a unique opportunity for the UK to move from being a buyer to a provider, said Jeff Benjamin, head of new build and major programmes. “We hope the build out of our SMR will happen here in the UK … but then use this as a base to export globally.”


But for all the activity, the nascent SMR industry faces familiar nuclear challenges: cost, public acceptability, security and waste disposal. The nuclear industry has a long record of broken promises over cost – Hinkley-type reactors being built by EDF in France and Finland are billions over budget and years behind schedule.


Waddington said the next two to three years are critical if SMRs are to be deployed widely in the next decade, and the UK has a once-in-a-generation chance to be at the heart of it: “The window of opportunity for the UK is there – but it will not be open forever.”

Read more at Are mini-nuclear reactors the answer to the climate change crisis?

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反原発ドキュメンタリーの虚構を暴く 名誉毀損に近いウソも 音楽はあの新垣隆氏 via 産経ニュース



おどろおどろしい音楽とともに始まった映画「日本と原発 4年後」は、1950年代の原子力の平和利用の歴史から説き起こし、東日本大震災と原発事故の悲惨さを映し出し、脱原発を訴える。











全文は 反原発ドキュメンタリーの虚構を暴く 名誉毀損に近いウソも 音楽はあの新垣隆氏 

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China’s nuclear vision collides with villagers’ fears via TODAY

HUBIN VILLAGE (China) — This placid, leafy hamlet tucked beside a dam in the countryside hardly seems like the next testing ground over China’s efforts to cut smog and greenhouse gases. But here among cornfields and crumbling stone homes skirted by persimmon trees, the government intends to build a nuclear power plant.

“They want to build it here, right here,” said Mr Wang Jiuxing, a retired village official, tapping his foot outside a dilapidated general store, 870km west of Shanghai in China’s central Henan province. “They say all the preliminary work has been done”.

Hubin is one of dozens of sites across the country where officials have plans ready, awaiting further approval, to build atomic reactors over the next decade — an ambitious program to expand the use of nuclear energy that Beijing considers essential to weaning the Chinese economy from its reliance on coal-fired plants, which churn out air pollution and carbon dioxide.

Ask villagers here what they think of the proposed plant, though, and talk quickly turns to the Communist government’s dismal record of industrial accidents, as well as the 2011 nuclear disaster in Fukushima, Japan. Residents in Hubin will be resettled to new homes a few miles away, but many said that they would still feel threatened living so close to a nuclear station.

“It’s just not safe,” said Ms Liu Shimin, a farmer in her 20s, nursing a baby outside her home near the banks of the Yahe River. “We’ll always be wondering, ‘What if there’s a big accident, like that one in Japan?’”

Such fears are on the rise in China as the nation embarks on a new phase of nuclear power construction that could make it the world’s biggest producer of nuclear energy by 2030. To meet its goals, analysts say, China must add six to eight reactor units — a plant usually has several — every year over the coming decade, most likely including its first in inland provinces like Henan and neighbouring Hubei.

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福島でDV相談が増加傾向 避難生活ストレスなど影響かvia 朝日新聞






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3位は福島!「妻は専業主婦でいてほしい」男性が多い県トップ3 via 楽天WOMAN



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原子力規制委員会がついに「もんじゅ」にレッドカード! どうして安倍政権は廃炉を決断できないのか via 現代ビジネス










勧告に至った理由は、核燃料サイクルの中核技術として50年以上前から実用化を目指して開発を始め、完成から約24年の歳月が過ぎたにもかかわら ず、トラブルが続出してほとんど運転していないことと、福島第一原発事故の発生を機に原発依存度の引き下げが課題になり、「2050年以降の商用化を目指 す」高速増殖炉の必要性が薄れたことだ。















全文は原子力規制委員会がついに「もんじゅ」にレッドカード! どうして安倍政権は廃炉を決断できないのか

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UPDATE 2-E.ON, RWE could drop lawsuits as part of nuclear decommissioning deal via Reuters

DUESSELDORF/FRANKFURT, Nov 23 E.ON and RWE, Germany’s biggest utilities, could drop multi-billion-euro lawsuits against Berlin’s move to shut nuclear power stations if they get a favourable deal on decommissioning costs, two people familiar with the matter told Reuters.

Germany’s utilities have seen their profits dwindle following the country’s gradual shutdown of its nuclear plants, a decision taken following Japan’s Fukushima disaster in 2011.

The decision has triggered lawsuits from the country’s top utilities, including RWE, E.ON and Vattenfall, which are claiming billions of euros in compensation for what they say is expropriation.

E.ON has said it is claiming 8 billion euros ($8.5 billion). RWE has so far not disclosed its claim, which Deutsche Bank analysts estimate at about 6 billion euros.


The sources said RWE and E.ON could transfer their stake in uranium enrichment company Urenco, in which they jointly hold a third on behalf of the German government, into the trust should it be set up.

RWE could also move nuclear plants, cash assets or even some of its equity to the trust, one of the people said, adding any asset transfer should happen over several years, ideally until 2022, when the last nuclear unit will be shut down.

“It makes a real difference whether this will happen over one year or seven years.”

Read more at UPDATE 2-E.ON, RWE could drop lawsuits as part of nuclear decommissioning deal

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Texas in the crosshairs for high-level radioactive waste via Beyond Nuclear


“With two powerhouse radioactive waste companies pooling their resources, this puts Texas right in the cross-hairs as the top target for a de facto permanent parking lot dump for the country’s commercial high-level radioactive waste,” Kamps said.

Waste Control Specialists already operates a so-called “low-level” radioactive waste burial dump at its West Texas site, putting the Ogallala Aquifer at risk of radioactive contamination.  The proposed “Consolidated Interim Storage” (CIS) program, supported by the White House and U.S. Department of Energy, would move high-level radioactive waste from all the country’s nuclear power plants to allegedly temporary parking lot dump sites.

“Texas could find itself playing host to these deadly radioactive wastes permanently,” Kamps said.  “This merger makes the West Texas site that already houses Class A, B and C so-called “low-level” radioactive waste far more attractive to an industry that would like to bury its inconvenient radioactive waste problem, both literally and figuratively.”

Read more at Texas in the crosshairs for high-level radioactive waste

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核燃料貯蔵、6000トン増=原発稼働へ30年に-電力業界 via 時事ドットコム

 原発を保有する電力9社と日本原子力発電は20日、原発から出る使用済み核燃料の貯蔵能力を2030年ごろに計6000トン増強する計画を経済産業省に 報告した。貯蔵能力は現在、計2万670トンで、このうち7割は既に埋まり、一部では残りの容量が少なくなっている。貯蔵場所が足りなくなる事態を回避 し、原発再稼働を進めやすい環境を整えるのが狙い。




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Israel has 115-warhead nuclear arsenal: US agency via aa

Report notes Israel has range of nuke-warhead delivery systems, including ballistic missiles, nuclear-capable cruise missiles and aircraft


Israel has produced 115 nuclear warheads since it began making them in 1963, according to a new study released by the Washington DC-based Institute for Science and International Security (ISIS).

Israel, the report states, has produced 660 kilograms of plutonium within the last 52 years at its Dimona nuclear reactor in the southern Negev Desert.

ISIS believes plutonium production at Dimona began in December of 1963, making Israel the sixth country to successfully develop nuclear weapons after the U.S., Russia, Britain, France and China.

According to the ISIS report, the Dimona site contains a number of secret nuclear facilities for the production of plutonium, including a heavy-water reactor, a fuel fabrication plant and a plutonium separation plant — all of which were provided by France in the 1950s and early 1960s.


The true number of Israeli nuclear weapons remains a closely guarded secret.

Other studies have put the number at some 80 deployable warheads.

Read more at Israel has 115-warhead nuclear arsenal: US agency

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