Skip to content

Brazil’s Angra 3 nuclear reactor: a political undertaking, not a common good via the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists

By Carolina Basso

In 2019 the Brazilian government decided to resume work at Angra 3, a nuclear reactor where construction has been essentially dormant for more than three decades. The work was supposed to restart last year, with the reactor entering commercial service by late 2026, but COVID-19 and the quest for private partners to invest in the project have pushed back the schedule.

Brazil currently has two operating nuclear power plants, Angra 1 and 2, that have generated less than three percent of the country’s electricity since their commercial launch. So why does Brazil want to resume construction of a third nuclear reactor?

Angra 3 is questionable in economic and energy-related terms. Studies have shown that the country can generate electricity much more cheaply by integrating wind power with Brazil’s considerable hydropower resources. Analysts suggest that this combined system could supply all the electricity the population demands, making any expansion of the nuclear industry sector unnecessary and costly.

The decision to resume construction of the third Brazilian reactor was made by President Jair Bolsonaro, who is committed to expanding the nuclear industry. Bolsonaro’s commitment results in part from his close ties to Brazil’s Navy, which has historically shaped the nuclear sector and currently dominates the country’s uranium enrichment and fuel cycle technology. But this factor alone cannot explain the decision.


A burden on consumers. It is in light of this enduring corruption in Brazil that readers should consider the decision to resume construction of Angra 3. The combination of high costs, doubtful political intentions, and better energy options make it unreasonable to expand nuclear capabilities in Brazil. If decision-makers were truly concerned about the energy demands of the people, they would have invested in alternative systems that are more economical and sustainable. That they have not done so very likely has something to do with opposition from the lobbies of competing energy industries and the interests of political elites who hope to financially benefit from expensive projects like Angra 3.

Corruption in the nuclear industry is a known international phenomenon. The recent scandal in Ohio illustrates how the push for subsidies to nuclear plants is not the result of a real commitment to citizens’ energy needs or climate concerns, but a way for energy corporations to maintain overpayments and assure political gains to certain parties. Brazil offers a different model, one that has used new nuclear facilities to generate kickbacks to powerful political and business interests.

Because of this favoring of influence over qualification and fair budgeting, the burden on consumers will continue to grow. Around the world, reactor costs in the nuclear industry tend to be much higher than initially estimated. Angra 3’s estimated price has risen more than $2.7 billion from 2008 to 2018. The expensive investment has resulted in the tariff from the plant doubling from roughly $45 to $90 per megawatt hour. It is past time politicians refrain from overcharging the Brazilian population for their own advantage.

Read more.

Posted in *English.

Tagged with , , .

6 Responses

Stay in touch with the conversation, subscribe to the RSS feed for comments on this post.

  1. dark web links says

    The Dark Web is a term that most of us newbie’s do not really know what it is or how to go about using it to make money. It is all over the internet and is referred to as the underground or deep web. It can be confusing because most people are unaware of it and just assume that it is like the white pages but in real it is not. In order to get around most of the scams on the internet you will want to find some good link building service or directory to use. The links that are placed on the top will be paid for by search engines so it is very important to place links there that will make money.

  2. Residential Locksmith Tolleson AZ says

    Thanks for another wonderful post. Where else could anybody get that type of info in such an ideal way of writing?

  3. ironcad design crack says

    IRONCAD Design Collaboration Suite Crack is a weak and new business creation package, just like the engineers and configuration you need to create and modify the 2D and 3D models. This epic app has all the tools you need to turn your mind into natural health. ironcad design collaboration suite crack

  4. Alex Kor says

    Casino Rama Spa

  5. avast antivirus crack says

    immunet crack was created to provide your computer with additional protection by detecting potential 3 threats along with your permanent antivirus solution. The most important feature of this immunet free antivirus cloud-based security tool is that it depends heavily on the Immune community that gets new members every day.

  6. parallel desktop crack free download says

    ESET Internet Security Crack is the best way to prevent the spread of viruses on your system. The popular ESET NOD32 anti-virus software comes with powerful anti-spam and other security tools such as ESET Internet Security license key smart grenade. You use a computer. The system always protects your registry and is ready to prevent viruses and attacks even within the first few hours of launch.

Some HTML is OK

or, reply to this post via trackback.