Human Movement

The desire for new modes of gathering scientific evidence motivated the invention of motion pictures in the experimental photographs of human and animal motion, particularly those done by Eadweard Muybridge in the US and Etienne Jules Marey in France. The ability to record the mobile positions of limbs and muscles within a precisely measured time period led directly to the devices of chronophotography, which could film moving objects at brief intervals. The synthesis of motion from these still images led directly to the first displays of moving photography image, the basis of modern cinematography. One could claim that cinema was invented in order to study the motion of the body.


Human Movement Film Collection

“Astronauts in Weightless Flight” (NASA, 1960)
“Body Motions” (Marey, ca 1890s)
“Duck and Cover” (Federal Civil Defense Administration, 1951)
“Galloping Horse” (Muybridge, 1878)
“It Started with Muybridge” (Department of Defense, 1965)
“Life with Baby” (Gesell, 1945?)
“Motor Aptitude Tests and Assembly Work” (Adelbert Ford, 1941)
“Open Wound Appendectomy” (author unknown, ca 1938)
“The Original Films of Frank Gilbreth, Pts 1 and 2” (Perkins, 1910-24)
Peripheral Nerve Surgery (Walter Reed General Hospital, 1943)
“Roping Salami” (Mundel, 1965)
“Science in Action: Aero Medicine, Parts 1 and 2” (California Academy of Sciences, 1956)
“Technique of Hand Sending” (Department of Defense, 1944)
Untitled Images of Ford Assembly Line” (Henry Ford/Ford Motor Co, ca 1916-1920)
“X-15 Flight Simulator” (North American Aviation, 1959)


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