Skip to content


US nuclear tests killed far more civilians than we knew via Quartz

When the US entered the nuclear age, it did so recklessly. New research suggests that the hidden cost of developing nuclear weapons were far larger than previous estimates, with radioactive fallout responsible for 340,000 to 690,000 American deaths from 1951 to 1973.

The study, performed by University of Arizona economist Keith Meyers, uses a novel method (pdf) to trace the deadly effects of this radiation, which was often consumed by Americans drinking milk far from the site of atomic tests.

From 1951 to 1963, the US tested nuclear weapons above ground in Nevada. Weapons researchers, not understanding the risks—or simply ignoring them—exposed thousands of workers to radioactive fallout. The emissions from nuclear reactions are deadly to humans in high doses, and can cause cancer even in low doses. 

[…]

The emissions, however, did not just stay at the test site, and drifted in the atmosphere. Cancer rates spiked in nearby communities, and the US government could no longer pretend that fallout was anything but a silent killer.

The cost in dollars and lives

Congress eventually paid more than $2 billion to residents of nearby areas that were particularly exposed to radiation, as well as uranium miners. But attempts to measure the full extent of the test fallout were very uncertain, since they relied on extrapolating effects from the hardest-hit communities to the national level. One national estimate found the testing caused 49,000 cancer deaths.

Those measurements, however, did not capture the full range of effects over time and geography.

[…]

The National Cancer Institute has records of the amount of Iodine 131—a dangerous isotope released in the Nevada tests—in milk, as well as broader data about radiation exposure. By comparing this data with county-level mortality records, Meyers came across a significant finding: “Exposure to fallout through milk leads to immediate and sustained increases in the crude death rate.” What’s more, these results were sustained over time. US nuclear testing likely killed seven to 14 times more people than we had thought, mostly in the midwest and northeast.

A weapon against its own people

When the US used nuclear weapons during World War II, bombing the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, conservative estimates suggest 250,000 people died in immediate aftermath. Even those horrified by the bombing didn’t realize that the US would deploy similar weapons against its own people, accidentally, and on a comparable scale.

[…]

And the cessation of nuclear testing helped save US lives—”the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty might have saved between 11.7 and 24.0 million American lives,” Meyers estimates. There was also some blind luck involved in reducing the number of poisoned people: The Nevada Test Site, compared to other potential testing facilities the US government considered at the time, produced the lowest atmospheric dispersal.

Read more at US nuclear tests killed far more civilians than we knew

Posted in *English.

Tagged with , , , .


50 Responses

Stay in touch with the conversation, subscribe to the RSS feed for comments on this post.

  1. Graphic design training center Dhaka says

    At first thanks for writing this article. This is very Helpful for us.

  2. Essay Writer says

    Writing academic essay can become a very tiresome job to you. As a student, you may have different other work to do and additionally, you also have the pressure of accomplishing your syllabus. Therefore, writing essay is an overburden to you. To make your job easier, you can connect to MyAssignmentHelp.com to get the best Aussie essay writers to back you up.

  3. hotmail says

    i wonder what will happen in world war 3. world is so dangerous place to live now.

  4. Buy Essay Online says

    Despite your best efforts, you can’t manage to achieve good scores on your essay writing? Why don’t you get an essay from EssayAssignmentHelp and have it proofread by our professionals? Our academics choose the most acceptable topic for you and include current data when you Buy Essay Online from our writing service.

  5. Buy Cheap Dissertation says

    In order to shine brighter in their academic careers, students usually seek out low-cost Buy Cheap Dissertation services from experts.

  6. Chicago Citation Generator says

    Chicago referencing is one of the most often used referencing techniques. Students struggle to handle such citation formats due to their lack of experience. You may, however, put your anxieties to rest with Essay Assignment Help. We may also provide you with a Chicago Citation Generator to aid you in producing Chicago referencing style citations.

  7. DBMS Assignment Help says

    A number of database projects are needed of students pursuing a career in computer science. It can be tough to deal with complex difficulties requiring database assignments at times. Learning can be fun at first, but in order to improve in their professions, many college students seek DBMS Assignment Help.

  8. Lily Acer says

    Nice post if you have any problem visit our website for more information.

  9. quickbooks connection diagnostic tool says

    thank you for sharing a Great article. For example, I don’t really dare to write a blog. Obviously, there is a lot of work with that and one has to be very creative. has been told that you can clear the error very easily so that you do not have to face any difficulty.

  10. Deakin Style Referencing Generator says

    Have you forgotten to credit your sources and provide a bibliography? Our Deakin Referencing Generator Online looks to be able to help you get out of your difficulty. For all of your works, our Deakin Style Referencing Generator can simply produce accurate lists of references and suitable in-text citations. Our Deakin reference tool can handle any subject in a hurry.

  11. Dissertation Writing Experts says

    Are you experiencing difficulty locating competent dissertation writers online? If you need Dissertation Writing Experts help in Australia, getting in touch with us is a certain method to acquire the marks you desire.

  12. Information Technology Assignment Help Online says

    Information Technology (IT) is a broad term that encompasses a wide range of topics. If you don’t understand the concepts, you won’t be able to answer the IT questions. Our experts’ Information Technology Assignment Help Online ensures that you have a full grasp of the subject. Our IT assignment experts can also assist you in achieving good grades on your assignments.

  13. Online Java Homework Help Service says

    Are you seeking for expert academic assistance with your Java homework? Our Online Java Homework Help Service offer high-quality Java Homework Help to students who are having difficulties and require Java Homework Help.

  14. QuickBooks Error 108 says

    Don’t worry if you see QuickBooks Error 108. It only means there’s a message from your bank or credit card on their website. Messages, especially ones about updates, can block the connection to QuickBooks.

  15. Quickbooks Support Number says

    It may not be that helpful for you to understand the information yourself, and also you may not be able to eliminate the error issue QuickBooks Banking Error 102 by yourself, so do not worry! You can call on QuickBooks Support Number they provide you instant solution to the problem. Obtaining the effective instructions from them will definitely resolve such an error code and allow you to perform QuickBooks operations freely.

  16. Cite This for Me Deakin Referencing Generator says

    Deakin referencing is quite tricky referencing that students struggle. With the help of the “Cite This for Me Deakin Referencing Generator” tool, you can easily generate the Deakin Referencing for your work without making any mistakes.

  17. Write My Dissertation says

    If you want to write your dissertation with the best quality then EssayAssignmentHelpAU is the place to go. With the help of professional experts, you can “Write My Dissertation” with the best quality and make a good impression on your professor with the quality work.

  18. Information Technology Assignment Writing Services says

    When it comes to writing Information Technology Assignments, it is not an easy task for the students. It takes a lot of hard work and stress. But with the Information Technology Assignment Writing Services from the experts, you can easily complete your Information Technology Assignments without any problem and submit it before the deadline.

  19. Help With Java Homework says

    You can also take Help With Java Homework from the academic experts and complete your homework early without any issue.

  20. QuickBooks file doctor tool says

    It is prone to many errors and this kind of errors can be easily cope up with QuickBooks file doctor. This file doctor tool helps to heal and repair the damages that happen to QuickBooks and its company file.

  21. Essay Topics says

    The arrangement of an account paper is not the same as that of an argumentive article. Thus you need to sort out what sort of paper you are composing. In light of that, you can choose the arrangement and plan in like manner. Ensure you are making a design prior to beginning to compose. On the off chance that you need assistance, you can enlist an essay topics generator for extensive tasks and make it happen.

  22. Online Assignment Help Melbourne says

    Writing assignments is quite an exhausting task. Some students also miss the deadline by not completing their assignments on time. But don’t worry, With the Online Assignment Help Melbourne, you can get help from the academic experts and get your work done with the best quality.

  23. Online Assignment Help Sydney says

    If you are seeking assignment help in Sydney from the qualified writers, then you can take Online Assignment Help Sydney from EssayAssignmentHelpAU. With the professional assistance, you will be able to complete your assignments on time and impress your professor.

  24. Assignment Paper Helper says

    You can also take assistance from the Assignment Paper Helper and get your paper done with the best quality and achieve A+ grades.

  25. Case Study Help says

    Many students struggle to write case studies with good quality. It is also a difficult and lengthy task. But with the Case Study Help from the professional experts, you can easily complete your case studies with the best quality.

  26. QuickBooks error 3371 says

    what a great blog is this, you should keep writing and helping others with your knowledge

  27. Case Study Help says

    Finally, the last tip is to do a background check. This is done by searching for a particular Case study help providing website on the entire internet. Trusting all the claims given on a specific website can lead to harmful consequences. Instead, read peoples’ blogs, see what the internet has to say about them and perform your research to make the final selection.

  28. Printer says

    To find out how we will fix the hp printer offline to online then, kindly check our website it will assist you to find out some easy methods

  29. Gary D Grimm says

    Very Creative Article. Also Visit this site Gaming Website
    for Amazing Gaming Content

  30. Translate document says

    Place an order for a translate document at Singaporetranslators.com.Here, you can connect with professional translators and get the hassle-free translation of legal, medical, business, academic documents at a very reasonable price.

  31. dissertation writing service says

    The best way to get dissertation writing service is to take assistance from IrelandAssignmentHelp. We have PhD-level experts working in our team and they write supreme quality dissertation writing service for the students.

  32. Hindi Kahani says

    nice post

  33. Take My Online Class says

    Still, brainstorming for Mathxl answers when you have the next door academic expert like Take Online Class? No way! We offer competitive educational solutions to solve your mathxl assignments without a single mistake. Our service guarantee comes with an assurance to get good grades. Contact us now to hire our assistance!

  34. Essay Maker says

    If you’re having problems producing unique essays, don’t fret; we’ve got you covered. With the advanced Essay Maker tool, you can easily produce creative and high-quality essays in a short amount of time. This will help you save a lot of time and effort.

  35. Quadratic Equation Factor Solver says

    Solving quadratic equations is a difficult task. The majority of students waste a significant amount of time attempting to solve equations. You can, however, enter your quadratic equation into the convenient Quadratic Equation Factor Solver and have it solved quickly and easily.

  36. Free Spell Checker says

    If you want to ensure that your work is error-free, the advanced Free Spell Checker tool is the best option. This application can help you ensure that your work is error-free and that your assignments are graded well.

  37. Swinburne Referencing Tool says

    There are numerous referencing styles from which to pick. You can generate citations in APA, Harvard, Oxford, MLA, and other referencing styles, as well as others, using the advanced Swinburne Referencing Tool.

  38. Get Fast Cash US says

    The fact that nuclear weapons are weapons of mass destruction is truly tragic. Those weapons should not be developed.

  39. Shaz Vlog says

    good job

  40. Tally ERP crack says

    adobe illustrator crack is a professional vector design and drawing program. Illustrator is used as part of a larger design workflow and allows you to create everything from individual design elements to complete compositions. For example, designers use Illustrator to create posters, symbols, logos, patterns, icons, etc. With Adobe Stock Images, you can find the perfect image/photo to enhance your next creative project.

  41. Easy Qualify Money says

    Great Blog! Some tips you have mentioned in this article are important and informational. Thanks for sharing with us!

    https://easyqualifymoney.com/john

  42. Emily says

    My Assignment services give the best academic writing services to students who are looking for assistance in their academics.Your success as a student benefits from strengthening your academic writing skills.

  43. Assignment help says

    These days it difficult task for the students to performed well and get praised in front of their schools and colleges for their working efficiency for the assignment. That’s why we are here representing the assignment help that can nourished your performance in a definite manner.

  44. WebAssign Answers says

    WebAssign Answers is a Web-based service that provides students with the answers to their homework assignments. WebAssign Answers has been around for many years, and we are always looking for new writers like you!

  45. Salon in Dwarka says

    Thank you so much for sharing this post, I appreciate your work. It was a great informative post. Go so many useful and informative links. Loved your writings also.
    Best Salon in Delhi

  46. idm crack says

    reSharper crack is the most efficient tool that is integrated into Visual Studio. It’s a productivity extension within the visual studio that assists in finding mistakes. Additionally, it can help with code correction errors, redundancy issues, syntax problems, and many others.

  47. Assignment Maker says

    You are well aware that your grade is determined on the quality of the academic work you produce in class. Maintaining the quality of papers, on the other hand, may be tough for students. Our Assignment Maker are capable and skilled enough to provide a flawless document for you.

  48. Assignment Provider says

    How many times have you had to cancel a party or a road trip due to overdue assignments that were due the next week? Use our great Assignment Provider services to get high-quality assignments.

  49. JAVA Programming Assignment Help says

    Our 5000+ Ph.D. certified specialists with specific knowledge in Java programming will assist you with coding topics such as fundamentals, data statements, control statements, and the use of various Java tools such as Netbeans, BlueJ, DrJava, and others if you require JAVA Programming Assignment Help.

  50. Adidas Case Study says

    Do you have a case study on Adidas that is far too complicated? MyAssignmenthelp.com is dedicated to making your work more personal by including relevant examples, case study examples, credible references, and other relevant aspects. We know how to make a difference in your academic grades as one of the main providers of an Adidas Case Study.

1 2 3 4



Some HTML is OK

or, reply to this post via trackback.