Skip to content


US nuclear tests killed far more civilians than we knew via Quartz

When the US entered the nuclear age, it did so recklessly. New research suggests that the hidden cost of developing nuclear weapons were far larger than previous estimates, with radioactive fallout responsible for 340,000 to 690,000 American deaths from 1951 to 1973.

The study, performed by University of Arizona economist Keith Meyers, uses a novel method (pdf) to trace the deadly effects of this radiation, which was often consumed by Americans drinking milk far from the site of atomic tests.

From 1951 to 1963, the US tested nuclear weapons above ground in Nevada. Weapons researchers, not understanding the risks—or simply ignoring them—exposed thousands of workers to radioactive fallout. The emissions from nuclear reactions are deadly to humans in high doses, and can cause cancer even in low doses. 

[…]

The emissions, however, did not just stay at the test site, and drifted in the atmosphere. Cancer rates spiked in nearby communities, and the US government could no longer pretend that fallout was anything but a silent killer.

The cost in dollars and lives

Congress eventually paid more than $2 billion to residents of nearby areas that were particularly exposed to radiation, as well as uranium miners. But attempts to measure the full extent of the test fallout were very uncertain, since they relied on extrapolating effects from the hardest-hit communities to the national level. One national estimate found the testing caused 49,000 cancer deaths.

Those measurements, however, did not capture the full range of effects over time and geography.

[…]

The National Cancer Institute has records of the amount of Iodine 131—a dangerous isotope released in the Nevada tests—in milk, as well as broader data about radiation exposure. By comparing this data with county-level mortality records, Meyers came across a significant finding: “Exposure to fallout through milk leads to immediate and sustained increases in the crude death rate.” What’s more, these results were sustained over time. US nuclear testing likely killed seven to 14 times more people than we had thought, mostly in the midwest and northeast.

A weapon against its own people

When the US used nuclear weapons during World War II, bombing the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, conservative estimates suggest 250,000 people died in immediate aftermath. Even those horrified by the bombing didn’t realize that the US would deploy similar weapons against its own people, accidentally, and on a comparable scale.

[…]

And the cessation of nuclear testing helped save US lives—”the Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty might have saved between 11.7 and 24.0 million American lives,” Meyers estimates. There was also some blind luck involved in reducing the number of poisoned people: The Nevada Test Site, compared to other potential testing facilities the US government considered at the time, produced the lowest atmospheric dispersal.

Read more at US nuclear tests killed far more civilians than we knew

Posted in *English.

Tagged with , , , .


50 Responses

Stay in touch with the conversation, subscribe to the RSS feed for comments on this post.

  1. تعمیر لباسشویی says

    the best

  2. Today News Post says

    Thanks for posting this article

  3. Press Las Vegas says

    dfgfghgfhjgjghjghjghdfgdgdfgdf

  4. United News Post says

    sdfdfdgddffddfgfdfgfdgdf

  5. star news express says

    dfggfhjgjgjgjhg

  6. Buzz News Post says

    sdfsdgfdghfhfg

  7. agencia de marketing digital says

    agencia de marketing digital agencia de marketing digital

  8. agencia de marketing digital says

    agencia de marketing agencia de marketing

  9. clinica de recuperação says

    clinica de recuperação clinica de recuperação

  10. clinica de recuperação says

    tratamento dependência química tratamento dependência química

  11. clinica de recuperação says

    clinica para alcoólatra clinica para alcoólatra

  12. soundcloud to mp3 says

    fgdfgdfgdfgdfgdfgdfgdfgReddit Video Downloader

  13. sara says

    good

  14. organifi green juice says

    Once again, the Leptitox supplement can make it easier for you to lose weight. However, if you do suffer from circulatory disease, it is important to make dietary changes to increase your weigh tloss. leptoconnect reviews

  15. resurge reviews says

    What are the symptoms of circulatory disease? Common symptoms include shortness of breath and pains in your legs. My legs were painful and that is how I became aware that I was suffering from a mild form of circulatory disease. If you suffer from severe chest pains, you should hot foot it to your doctor as soon as possible. Proven reviews

  16. leptitox says

    ecommend to read: “Leptitox Reviews | Australia, UK, Canada, New Zealand | The Global Availability“.
    synapse xt reviews

  17. sonus complete says

    When I started to take Leptitox, I have to admit that I was not massively overweight. But, as my job is very sedentary, and I don’t have a lot of spare time, I did feel that I needed all of the help that I could could get. I liked the idea of Leptitox as it is completely natural.
    masszymes

  18. okinawa flat belly tonic says

    To date, I had not been very keen on taking diet supplements? Two of the first questions I asked myself was the following: custom keto diet

  19. steel bite pro says

    Leptitox only contains natural ingredients derived from herbs. This is what makes Leptitox organifi green juice reviews

  20. Johns Mak says

    Wanna know about font generator, check it – https://instabiofonts.com/facts-about-copy-and-paste-font-generator/

  21. jenny says

    Buat bio instagram Anda dari sini – https://www.copasfontonline.xyz/kompas-font-online/

  22. clinica de recuperação says

    hey is a good article.. very informative
    thank you clinica de reabilitação

  23. clinica de recuperação says

    Really nice post, thanks for sharing. clinica de recuperação

  24. BTC says

    Watch in real-time of cryptocurrency prices, Bitcoin
    Price (BTC)
    , ethereum, litecoin and altcoins from major cryptocurrency exchanges…

  25. Calculators says

    A Scientific Calculator
    is a Calculator designed to calculate science, engineering, and mathematics problems.

  26. jual thermal oil says

    This post is amazing enough to make somebody understand and I’m sure that everybody is going to appericiat https://tokomesinku.com/2021/05/22/distributor-riello-gas-burner/

  27. Games right now says

    Great Blog. Really Nice and Informative, keep it up !
    Buy Cheap Keys

  28. https://bestproteineverywhere.com says

    To solve the questions on whey protein. Do visit Questions On Whey Protein

  29. Games right now says

    very interesting information, I really like it because it can add insight for me more broadly, thank you very much for this extraordinary information
    Buy Cheap Keys

  30. college homework help says

    Very Informative.

  31. assignment help Singapore says

    Student Life Saviour is the provider of best quality of assignments to students in Singapore.

  32. Assignment Help Australia says

    Australian Assignment Help has best quality experts to provide quality assistance at reasonable rates to students.

  33. Minitab Homework Help says

    Hey, thanks for the article that was a great one! I am currently using the Minitab Homework Help facility by the LiveWebTutors platform in USA. Their proficient experts use updated and modified resources and methods to complete the academic assignments with premium quality content. I would definitely recommend the American Scholars to try out their top- notch Marketing homework help facilities to observe a remarkable change in their academic grades.

  34. Geometry Homework Help says

    That was another great piece of content. Congratulations on the success of your document. I come from the academic writing industry and thoroughly understand that students seek professional advice from diligent writers when it comes to managing complex quality assignments. You should definitely visit their official website and explore the wide array of geometry homework help facilities they have in store for you.

  35. hotmail says

    That’s pretty sad to hear nuclear weapons are the weapons of mass destruction so they should not be made.

1 2 3 5



Some HTML is OK

or, reply to this post via trackback.