Archive for October, 2011

Chicagoans to NELS 42

Tuesday, October 4th, 2011

Many current and former Chicago linguists will be heading to Toronto in November for NELS 42:

  • Ryan Bochnack: The non-universal status of degrees: Evidence from Washo
  • Jon Keane, Diane Brentari, & Jason Riggle: Co-articulation in ASL fingerspelling
  • Martina Martinovic: The subject/non-subject asymmetry in Wolof
  • Yaron McNabb: Hebrew and Arabic definite marking as post-syntactic local dislocation
  • Osamu Sawada (PhD 2010, Mie U.): The meanings of diminutive shifts in Japanese
  • Suwon Yoon: On embedded root phenomenon (ERP): ERP in Korean vs. V2 in Germanic



NSF grant awarded to Grenoble and Sadock for work on West Greenlandic

Tuesday, October 4th, 2011

Lenore Grenoble and Jerry Sadock received an NSF grant this summer to continue their work on West Greenlandic. The title and abstract of the project is given below. Congratulations!

  • The lexicon of a polysynthetic language (#1056497)
    West Greenlandic, the national language of Greenland, is an Inuit language closely related to other Inuit languages spoken in Alaska and Canada today. Like many other North American languages, it is characterized by extreme polysynthesis: its words are not fixed in form or content, but are productively constructed out of roots and suffixes. Concepts which are encoded as separate words in English tend to be combined into one very long word in polysynthetic languages. This raises very fundamental theoretical questions as to what status the notion of a word has in grammatical theory, what are the limits of word-formation processes in polysynthetic languages, and how we understand concepts like clause and sentence in such a language. The different Inuit languages lexicalize these forms to varying degrees; Greenlandic exhibits relatively little lexicalization of such forms, leading to the issue of which should be included in a dictionary and which can be understood by understanding their individual parts (much as sentences are not included in an English dictionary but certain set phrases are). This project addresses these fundamental issues through the development of a Greenlandic-English digital lexicon and aims to make significant progress in our understanding of how such forms are created, including the underlying processes of word formation and lexicalization and how these interact with grammar. The digital format of the lexicon will enable us to include texts which show the linkage of such sentence-like words into larger discourse units and how they are anchored to the context in which they are produced. This line of inquiry will produce major insights into our understanding of the range of human linguistic diversity and the capacity of linguistic production and processing. This research project will benefit from collaborative contributions from Greenlandic researchers who, in the context of this international collaboration, will also contribute to the valuable graduate training opportunities that this project will provide in fieldwork and linguistic analysis.

Chicago semanticists in Europe

Tuesday, October 4th, 2011

Chicago semanticists were busy making a name for themselves this summer!

Many were in Utrecht for Sinn und Bedeutung:

  • Rebekah Baglini: The scalar source of stative passives
  • Tim Grinsell: The imperfective imperative
  • Peter Klecha: Positive and conditional semantics for gradable modals
  • Yusuke Kubota (Post-doc 2010-11, now at University of Tokyo): Scale compatibility and scale composition: An analysis of manner of motion verbs in Japanese
  • Yaron McNabb: Some degree modifiers are standard fixers and context manipulators in one: an experimental investigation of “very”

Yaron McNabb was also the discussant at the Workshop on degree semantics and its interfaces, a satellite event of Sinn und Bedeutung.

Several were in Paris for the 9th Syntax and Semantics Conference (CSSP 2011):

  • Thomas Grano (U Chicago) Exhaustive control is not control: Cinque’s IP and the raising/ control divide
  • Thomas Grano & Chris Kennedy (U Chicago) Severing the degree argument from the adjective: Evidence from Mandarin transitive comparatives
  • Yusuke Kubota (U Tokyo) & Robert Levine (Ohio State) Against ellipsis: Arguments for the direct licensing of ‘non-canonical’ coordinations
  • Yusuke Kubota (U Tokyo) Revisiting the progressive/ perfect ambiguity of -te iru in Japanese: A scale-based analysis

Blackwell Handbook of Phonological Theory 2nd Edition

Tuesday, October 4th, 2011

The 2nd edition of the Blackwell Handbook of Phonological Theory, edited by a team of Chicago phonologists (Goldsmith, Riggle, & Yu), is now published! Yay!